Renal & GIT Pathology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Renal & GIT Pathology Deck (22):
1

Most common cause of nephrotic syndrome in children

Minimal change disease

2

Most common cause of Nephritic Syndrome in children

Post streptococcal glomerulonephritis

3

Hallmark of ESRD

Chronic glomerulonephritis

4

Most common cause of nephrotic syndrome in adults

Focal Segmental Glomerulonephritis

5

Most common cause of Acute Renal Failure

Acute tubulonephritis

6

Most common cause of Chronic Renal Failure

Diabetes Mellitus

7

Most common malignancy of the stomach

Gastric Adenocarcinoma

8

Rigid, thickened wall with leather bottle appearance

Linitis Plastica

9

a diffuse seborrheic keratosis associated with GIT malignancy

Leser Trelat Sign

10

neuroendocrine tumor cells morpology

salt and pepper chromatin

11

Carney triad

Gastric GIST
Paraganglioma
Pulmonary chondroma

12

Most common mesenchymal tumor of the abdomen.
What is the medication given

Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor
Imatinib - tyrosine kinase inhibitor

13

solitary, well circumscribed, fleshy mass covered by ulcerated or intact mucosa

Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor

14

In Ischemic bowel disease, which portion of the intestine is at greatest risk in a transmural infarction?

Splenic flexure

15

What is the characteristic itchy and blistering skin lesion associated with Celiac Disease?

Dermatitis herpetiformis

16

What is the most common bacterial enteric pathogen?

Campylobacter enterocolitis

17

Chron's Vs. Ulcerative Colitis
1. skip lesions, transmural
2. cobblestone appearance
3. backwash ileitis
4. Marked pseudopolyms
5. Non casseating granulomas
6. Associated with colon CA


1. C
2. C
3. UC
4. UC
5. C
6. UC

18

Archtecural type of neoplastic polyps with the most malignant potential

villous adenomas

19

Triad of hepatorenal pulmonary syndrome

1. chronic liver disease
2. hypoxemia
3. intra-pulmonary vascular dilatations

20

condition hearlded by a drop in urine output, associated with rising BUN and creatinine and is associated with severe chronic liver disease.

Hepatorenal Syndrome

21

Councilman bodies versus the eosinophilic cytoplasmic clumps in hepatocytes seen in Alcoholic hepatitis

eosinophilic globules seen in acute viral hepatitis;
Mallory bodies

22

it is the inflammation and obliterative fibrosis of intahepatic and extrahepatic bile ducts

Primary sclerosing cholangitis