Rhetorical Terms, Figures of Speech, Metrical Devices Flashcards Preview

AP Latin Vocabulary > Rhetorical Terms, Figures of Speech, Metrical Devices > Flashcards

Flashcards in Rhetorical Terms, Figures of Speech, Metrical Devices Deck (23):
1

Alliteration

the repetition of the same letter or sound, usually at the beginning of a series of words

2

Anaphora

the repetition of a word or words at the beginning of successive clauses: Miratur molem Aeneas.../miratur portas (repetition of miratur)

3

Anastrophe

the inversion of normal order of words: te proper (instead of propter te)

4

Aposiopesis

a breaking off in the middle of a sentence, the syntax of which is never resumed (Greek for "a falling silent")

5

Apostrophe

the sudden break from the previous narrative for an address in the 2nd person of someone or something not present

6

Asyndeton

the omission of conjunctions; nunc hos nunc accipit illos (no "et"'s)

7

Ecphrasis

an extended and elaborate description of a work of art, a building, or a natural setting

8

Ellipsis

the omission of one or more words which must be logically supplied in order to create a grammatically complete experssion (usually a form of sum)

9

Enjambment

the continuation of a unit of though beyond the end of one verse line and into the first few feet of the next.

10

Hendiadys

the expression of an idea by means of two nouns connected by a conjunction instead of by a noun and a modifying adjective, or by one noun modified by another

11

Hyperbaton

the distanced placement of two or more words which are logically meant to be understood together.

12

Hyperbole

exaggeration for rhetorical effect

13

Hysteron proteron

the reversal of natural or logical order of ideas: submersas... obrue puppes: Juno instructs Aeolus to flood the Trojan ships after they have been sunk

14

Litotes

understatement, often enhanced by the use of a negative

15

Metonymy

the substitution of one word for anther which it suggests.

16

Onomatopoeia

the use of words whose sound mimics their meaning

17

Polysyndeton

an overabundance of conjunctions

18

Prolepsis

the inclusion in the main story of references to events which in fact will occur after the dramatic time of the poem, and to the people and circumstances involved in these later events

19

Simile

a figure of speach which likens or asserts an explicit comparison between two different things (introduced by words like: velut, qualis)

20

Synchysis/Synchesis

interlocking word order: A B A B

21

Synecdoche

the use of a part for the whole

22

Tmesis

the separation into parts of a word normally written as one, often for a (quasi) visual effect

23

Tricolon crescens

the accumulation of three parallel phrases or clauses, each of which is at least one syllable longer than that preceding