Flashcards in Rhetorical Terms, Figures of Speech, Metrical Devices Deck (23):
the repetition of the same letter or sound, usually at the beginning of a series of words
the repetition of a word or words at the beginning of successive clauses: Miratur molem Aeneas.../miratur portas (repetition of miratur)
the inversion of normal order of words: te proper (instead of propter te)
a breaking off in the middle of a sentence, the syntax of which is never resumed (Greek for "a falling silent")
the sudden break from the previous narrative for an address in the 2nd person of someone or something not present
the omission of conjunctions; nunc hos nunc accipit illos (no "et"'s)
an extended and elaborate description of a work of art, a building, or a natural setting
the omission of one or more words which must be logically supplied in order to create a grammatically complete experssion (usually a form of sum)
the continuation of a unit of though beyond the end of one verse line and into the first few feet of the next.
the expression of an idea by means of two nouns connected by a conjunction instead of by a noun and a modifying adjective, or by one noun modified by another
the distanced placement of two or more words which are logically meant to be understood together.
exaggeration for rhetorical effect
the reversal of natural or logical order of ideas: submersas... obrue puppes: Juno instructs Aeolus to flood the Trojan ships after they have been sunk
understatement, often enhanced by the use of a negative
the substitution of one word for anther which it suggests.
the use of words whose sound mimics their meaning
an overabundance of conjunctions
the inclusion in the main story of references to events which in fact will occur after the dramatic time of the poem, and to the people and circumstances involved in these later events
a figure of speach which likens or asserts an explicit comparison between two different things (introduced by words like: velut, qualis)
interlocking word order: A B A B
the use of a part for the whole
the separation into parts of a word normally written as one, often for a (quasi) visual effect