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Flashcards in Sample Mythology Flashcards Deck (18):
1

Zeus

god of sky/thunder

  • Roman name: Jupiter
  • ruler of all Olympian gods
  • married to Hera
  • brother of Hades, Poseidon, Hera, Hestia, and Demeter

2

Poseidon

god of the sea and
earthquakes

  • Roman name: Neptune
  • married to Amphitrite
  • brother of Zeus, Hades, Hera, et al.

3

Hades

god of the underworld

  • Roman name: Pluto
  • brother of Zeus and Poseidon
  • married to Persephone
  • wields the helm of darkness, which grants invisibility

4

Hera

goddess of women and marriage

  • Roman name: Juno
  • Zeus' wife, mother of the gods
  • jealous and bitter towards Zeus' other lovers
  • despised Heracles (Hercules)

5

Athena

 

goddess of wisdom,
peace, and strategy

  • Roman name: Minerva
  • wise daughter of Zeus
  • has an owl, helmet, shield, lance
  • born out of Zeus' forehead

6

Apollo

god of light, sun, archery

  • Roman names: Apollo, Phoebus
  • widely worshipped son of Zeus
  • holds a bow and arrow
  • had many male and female lovers

7

Artemis

goddess of hunting, virginity, and the moon

  • Roman name: Diana
  • twin sister of Apollo; also had a bow and arrow
  • took a vow of chastity
  • known for hunting with hounds, stags, a chariot, and nymphs

8

Aphrodite

goddess of love and
beauty

  • Roman name: Venus
  • born of Kronos' severed genitals, rose from the sea foam
  • married to Hephaestus; had affairs with Ares, Adonis, Hermes

9

Hermes

god of messaging and
travel

  • Roman name: Mercury
  • messenger of the gods
  • wore a winged cap and winged sandals

10

Ares

god of war

  • Roman name: Mars
  • violent god, wore a shield and helmet
  • son of Zeus and Hera

11

Dionysus

god of wine

  • Roman name: Bacchus
  • son of Zeus and Semele
  • effeminite god
  • born of Persephone, killed by Hera, reborn through Semele

12

Helios

sun god

  • Roman name: Sol
  • brother of goddesses Selene (the moon) and Eos (the dawn)
  • rode in a chariot across the sky
  • all-seeing god

13

Hephaestus

god of blacksmithing

  • Roman name: Vulcan
  • blacksmith of the gods, wields a hammer, anvil, and tongs
  • very ugly
  • married to Aphrodite despite his ugliness
  • forged Helios' chariot and Hermes' sandals and cap

14

Hestia

goddess of hearth,
home, family

  • Roman name: Vesta
  • one of the three great goddesses along with Demeter and Hera
  • daughter of Rhea and Kronos

15

Eros

god of lust, beauty,
and love

  • Roman name: Cupid
  • son of Aphrodite and Ares
  • embodiment of erotic love
  • winged

16

Persephone

goddess of spring and fertility

  • Roman name: Persipina
  • Queen of the Underworld
  • daughter of Demeter and Zeus
  • abducted by Hades to be his queen; later tricked into being forced to go to the underworld for four months every year

17

Pan

god of shepherds, flocks, and rustic music

  • Roman name: Faunus
  • name comes from the ancient Greek word "pasture"
  • has the legs and horns of a goat
  • son of Zeus and a nymph
  • associated with theatrical criticism

18

Nike

goddess of victory

  • Roman name: Victoria
  • daughter of Pallas and Styx
  • wears wings to show that victory is fleeting