What is a "demand factor"?

What is a demand?

Why do we use them?

A percentage of the total demand of an electrical feeder circuit determined from statistical data.

A base wattage value of the expected average load put on a feeder or branch circuit.

Because not all loads (or components within a load) will operate at once.

When determining living area, what percentage of the basement is counted?

75%

What is a basic load based on?

How is it calculated?

Living area.

Living area divided by 90 m^{2} rounded up, plus 4 - all multiplied by 1000 W.

How would a service load be calculated for an electric range?

6000 W plus 40% of any demand exceeding 12000 W.

How would a branch circuit load be calculated for an electric range?

8000 W plus 40% of any demand exceeding 12000 W.

If a range is not provided for, how should the miscellaneous loads of the house be calculated?

100% of the total sum of demand (only counting loads exceeding 1500 W) up to 6000 W plus 25% of the demand exceeding 6000 W.

Which loads of a single dwelling are taken at 100% demand?

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- Air conditioning
- Electric tankless water heaters
- Electric water heaters for steaming
- Swimming pools
- Hot tubs
- Spas.

If a single dwelling has an 85 m^{2} main floor and a calculated load of 89 Amperes, what will be the minimum ampacity of it's service conductors?

100 Amperes, because of 8-200(1(b))

How are loads 1500 W and under accounted for in service calculations?

With the basic load.

Bus bar ampacity should always be "_____" the ampacity of the service conductors.

Equal or greater than.

What is the minimum number of branch circuit positions required in a single dwelling? And a dwelling unit?

16, where at least half could be double pole breakers and with at least two left open for future use.

8.

Generally, could a dryer always be fed with #10 conductors and protected by a 30A breaker.

Yes, unless specified as hardwired.

What is the first thing to ask yourself, when performing an apartment service calculation?

What wire am I sizing?

This is because there are multiple different subrules, which size:

Dwelling unit feeders, Main service feeders and house panel feeders, respectively.

When dealing with automobile heater recepticles, which rule must be referenced?

8-400.

When calculating a demand for an apartmain main service feeder, what is the demand factor for which to take additional resistive loads?

They are taken at 75%.

When calculating a demand for an apartmain main service feeder, why must one separate the heating/ AC loads out of the dwelling unit calculations?

This is beacuse not all residents will use all of their appliances at once, which allows us to put a significant demand factor on the smaller suite's contribution to the total demand. However, since the building must be heated and cooled as a unit, we can only apply the specific demands associated to the total of all Heat/AC wattage.

What is the minimum ampacity of an apartment panel feeder?

60A.

When sizing an electric space heating branch circuit, what must be done to find the wire and overcurrent size?

Simply divide wattage, by nominal voltage and go buy your wire. Now take the ampacity of the wire you bought and divide that by 0.8; this will give you the ampacity to protect with your overcurrent device. For example, if the ampacity after upsizing was 27A, you go with a 30A breaker.

What are the main uses for Table 39?

To size feeders and overcurrent devices for apartment dwelling units and single dwellings.

Would you want to always use table 6 to size an apartment main feeder raceway?

No, often the neutral wire can be "de-rated" at 70% of the excess of 200A, so we will not always have three wires of the same size. In these cases we must use tables 8, 9 and 10.

Which branch circuit loads are generally considered continuous?

Air conditioner.

Electric water heater.

Pool heater.

Electric vehicle charging.

Unknown loads.