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Flashcards in SG101 Quizzes Deck (64)
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1

How does smoking affect the liver?

Increases hepatic enzyme activity

2

What is the difference between additive and synergistic?

Additive: 2 drugs with similar actions increasing the effects
Synergistic: 2 different drugs potentiating different effects

3

Why should statin drugs be takin with food?

To increase absorption

4

Hair loss and peeling of skin is indicative of too much of what vitamin?

Vitamin A

5

What foods would be high in zinc?

Animal products such as meat & eggs

6

What mineral is thought to help control blood sugar levels for type II diabetes?

Chromium

7

What product would help increase iron absorption?

Orange juice

8

What is an acceptable residual amount in a gastrostomy tube following a feeding?

50-100ml

9

Pumpkin is a great source of which vitamin?

Vitamin A

10

What is a "low residue" diet?

Easily digested and absorbed and minimizes bulk.
All eggs, except fried, are low residue.

11

What is the most common contributing factor to obesity?

Excessive caloric intake.

12

What is serum transferrin?

A marker for protein status

13

Total cholesterol levels should be below ?

200

14

Potatoes are an excellent source of which vitamin?

Vitamin C

15

How do antacids affect medications?

They can slow or block drug absorption

16

Give 2 examples of complete proteins?

Eggs, meat

17

Food pyramid daily recommended servings of:
Veggies:
Fruit:
Grains:

Veggies: 3-5
Fruit: 2-4
Grains: 2-4

18

It is important for school age children to maintain adequate amounts of?

Protein, vitamin A, vitamin C

19

Which of the following is included in a full liquid diet:
Custard or fresh fruit?

Custard

20

Following initial X-ray verification, what is the most accurate way to check NG tube placement?

Measure PH of secretions

21

At what age does infant birth weight typically double?
Triple?

Doubles at 4-5 months
Triples at 1 year

22

Judaism prohibits mixing which 2 things together?

Milk/dairy with meat

23

List 4 things that proteins are important regarding the body?

T-cell production
Managing bleeding
Maintaining blood pressure
Transporting drugs systemically

24

Define "moderate" alcohol consumption

1 drink/day for women
2 drinks/day for men

25

Pre-albumin level below ? Indicates need for nutritional intervention?

11

26

List 3 foods on a vegan diet that would help supplement iron.

Tofu
Soybean milk
Orange Juice

27

How is nitrogen balance monitored?

Grams of protein ingested vs. urinary nitrogen output for 24hrs

28

What should you instruct a pt. to do while you remove an NG tube?

Hold their breath.

29

Compared to refined grains, whole grains have more ?

Phytochemicals

30

What is the formula for determining RDA of protein in the diet?

Kg X 0.8 = grams of RDA of protein