Sports psychology Flashcards Preview

A level PE > Sports psychology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Sports psychology Deck (31)
Loading flashcards...
1

Define personality ?

The patterns of thoughts an feelings and the way in which we interact with our environment and other people that make us unique person

2

Define anxiety ?

A negative emotional state that is closely associated with arousal. It is experiencing apprehension and being aware of high arousal linked to our fears and worries

3

Name the two types of personalities ?

Type A

Type B

4

Define a Type A personality ?

Impatient , intolerant , and high levels of stress

5

Define a type B personality ?

Relaxed , tolerant , with low personal stress

6

Define stable personality state ?

A personality characteristic of someone who does not swing form one emotion to another , but their is usually constant in their emotional behaviour

7

Define an unstable personality ?

A personality characteristic f someone who is highly anxious an has unpredictable emotions

8

Define extroversion ?

A personality characteristic or trait of a person who seeks social situations and likes excitement but lacks concentration.

9

Define introversion ?

A personality characteristic or trait of a person who does not seek social situations and likes peace and quiet , but is good at concentrating

10

Define Arousal ?

The energised state of readiness for action that motivates us o behave in a particular way

11

Define the Hollanders model ?

Hollander saw personality as a layered structure

Inner core which is not affected by the environment , is where our permanent qualities reside


Outer layer reveals are role related behaviours. This shows are typical responses may be affected by circumstances. Therefore a behaviour will be different at certain situations


Outer layer is the social environment , which affects our role related behaviours

12

Profile mood states ?

Personalities made up of certain personality traits

Personalities states are related to particular situations

Eg Tension
depression
anger
vigour
fatigue
confusion

Successful sports people have moods that are fairly consistent all moods except vigour and anger


Unsuccessful - inconsistent moods

13

Define attitudes ?

A predisposition to act in a particular way towards something or someone in a person's environment

14

Components of the triadic model ?

beliefs - Cognitive element

Emotions - Affective element

Behaviour - Behavioural element

15

beliefs ?

Our beliefs are built on past experiences and by what we have learned from our parents or peers.

16

Emotions ?

What we like or dislike , it also depends on past experiences. If we have previously experienced satisfaction or enjoyment we will look forward to the experience

17

Behaviour ?

Not consistent with our attitude and are not linked with our behaviours , but its is relevant as long as we are flexible in use

18

Methods of changing attitudes ?

Goal setting

Persuasive communication

19

What effects persuasive communication ?

The person

Quality of message

Characteristics of person being persuaded

20

Positives of attitudes towards sport and PE ?

believe in value of exercise

Enjoy activities and have fun

good at the activity

experience excitement

They enjoy physical sensation

experience relaxation

Social norm

21

Negatives attitudes towards PE and sport ?

Dislike the experience

Believe its harmful

Lack physical and perceptual skill

Frightened

Stress

social norm non participation

22

Define stereotype ?

A belief held by a collection of people about traits shared by certain category of person

23

Define Arousal

A state of metal and physical readiness

24

What is drive theory ?

A very high Arousal will result in a high performance and a low drive equals a low performance

25

Drive reduction ?

An individual may be motivated to complete a task , which can be seen as a ' drive '. When the drive is perceived as being fulfilled , then the drive is reduced

26

Inverted U theory ?

As arousal level increases so does performance.

Until it hits optimum level then performance decreases

27

Catastrophe ?

As arousal increases so does the performance until it hits optimal arousal

But performance can be recovered through extreme decline but performance can still decrease

Takes into account of somatic anxiety an cognitive

28

Somatic anxiety ?

Anxiety experienced physiologically or of the body eg sweating

29

Cognitive anxiety ?

Anxiety experienced by the mind eg worry about failing

30

Peak flow experience ?

When nothing can go wrong

' in the zone '

all is insignificant