Spring from Le Quattro Stagioni, op. 8, no. 1 (Antonio Vivaldi) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Spring from Le Quattro Stagioni, op. 8, no. 1 (Antonio Vivaldi) Deck (28):
1

date of composition

1725

2

genre

solo violin concerto

3

source of inspiration

sonnets, most likely written by Vivaldi, describing the 4 seasons

4

performing forces

solo violin, strings, and continuo

5

1st mvmt: Key

E major

6

1st mvmt: Tempo

Allegro

7

1st mvmt: Time signature

C

8

1st mvmt: Form

ritornello form

9

1st mvmt: Poetic text

Spring has arrived. The birds celebrate with festive song; murmuring streams are caressed by gentle breezes. Storm clouds darken the sky, bringing thunder and lightning. After the storm, the birds resume their joyful singing.

10

1st mvmt: "Spring has arrived"

spirited rhythmic figures, bright character, celebratory dance-like quality

11

1st mvmt: "The birds celebrate with festive song"

high-pitched trills, repeated-note figures

12

1st mvmt: "Murmuring streams are caressed by gentle breezes"

Violins play a rapid, undulating figure

13

1st mvmt: "Storm clouds darken the sky, bringing thunder and lightning"

tremolando passages (quick repetition of notes) played by the violins evoke thunder; rising 32-note scales suggest lightning

14

2nd mvmt: Key

C sharp minor

15

2nd mvmt: Tempo

Largo

16

2nd mvmt: Time signature

3/4

17

2nd mvmt: Poetic text

"The goatherd sleeps in a flowery meadow with his faithful dog beside him. The leaves rustle gently"

18

2nd mvmt: Musical depiction

The solo violin's langorous melody depicts the sleeping goatherd. The violin's dotted-note figure in parallel thirds suggests the rustling leaves and the viola ostinato represents the barking dog.

19

3rd mvmt: Key

E major

20

3rd mvmt: Tempo

Allegro

21

3rd mvmt: Time signature

12/8

22

3rd mvmt: Form

ritornello form

23

3rd mvmt: Poetic text

"Nymphs and shepherd dance gaily to the festive sound of bagpipes as they welcome Spring"

24

3rd mvmt: Musical depiction

The bass notes suggest the drone of bagpipes, while the lilting compound meter creates a dance-like character

25

3rd mvmt: Style

rustic (rural, simple) elements (bagpipes, folk dance)

26

2nd mvmt: Orchestration

reduced orchestration (no cello or continuo)

27

2nd mvmt: Form

two-part structure

28

Review and Reflection

fortspinnung (a continuously unfolding melody), clearly defined metric structure (12/8), motoric rhythm, idomatic and virtuosic writing, ornamentation, improvisation (basso continuo, mvmts 1 and 3)