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Flashcards in Terminology Deck (44):
1

Compounding

When two words are stuck together to make a new word
Eg. Football

2

Blending

When two words are moulded together to make a new word
Eg. Brunch/ brexit

3

Acronymisation

Pronouncing a set of initial letters as a word
Eg. Radar/ nasa

4

Conversion

When a word changes from a noun to a verb
Eg. Google (noun) -> googling (verb)

5

Eponym

Object given the name of inventor
Eg. Biro

6

Affixiation

When a prefix or a suffix is added it changes the meaning of the word
Eg. Prenatal

7

Initialism

A set of letters pronounced together
Eg. NHS / BBC

8

Propernames

When brand name of product means the same as the product
Eg. Sellotape/ McDonald’s

9

Shortening

When a bit is removed from a word
Eg. Hippo

10

Prefix

Before the word
Eg. Pre/post/un

11

Suffix

After the word
Eg. ing/ ed/ able

12

Colloquial lexis

Slang terms

13

Polysyllabic lexis

More than one syllable

14

Monosyllabic lexis

Only on syllable

15

Taboo lexis

Swearing

16

Formal lexis

Proper English

17

Vulgarisms

Not as bad as swearing

18

Disjuncts

Sentence adverbs that work to express attitude towards a material
Eg. Unfortunately

19

Discourse markers

Connectives, words that bell organise what we say or write

20

Anecdote

A personal experience

21

Anaphoric reference

When the writer refers back to something they have already said in the text

22

Cataphoric reference

Forward for something as yet unidentified

23

Intertextuality

When lexical fields from one topic are are used in a text about something else

24

Lexical asymmetry

Calling a man a princess

25

Collocation

Two existing words put together with and /or between and make a new phrase
E.g boys and girls

26

Archaic lexis

Old fashioned words

27

Obsolete lexis

Words that have died out

28

Euphemism

To make something sound better in a bad situation
Eg. Passed away for dead

29

Dysphism

Saying it how it is with no filter
Eg. Saying they’re dead

30

Borrowing

When a word from one language is used in another
Eg. Pizza

31

Dialect

Different accents

32

Connotation

What we associate with a word

33

Denotation

It’s literal meaning

34

Tag question

A question at the end of a scentence

35

Lexis

Words

36

Lexical field

A group of words from the same field

37

Semantics

Meaning of words

38

Representations

The depiction through word choices of a person, item of issue that is partially biased or stereotypical.

39

Backchanneling

Making a sound to show you’re still listening
Eg. Uh-hu

40

Discourse

Structure of a text

41

Diexis

You need more information for the sentence to make sense

42

Paralinguistic features

Facial or body expression

43

Ellipsis

When out miss our part of a sentence

44

False start

When you re-start part of the sentence again