Terms & Literary Devices Flashcards Preview

(HS) English 9 - Short Stories > Terms & Literary Devices > Flashcards

Flashcards in Terms & Literary Devices Deck (37):
1

Antagonist

The force(s) that work(s) against the protagonist, such as other people, things, society, or themselves

2

Internal Conflict

man vs. himself

3

External Conflict (3)

1. man vs. man or group of people
2. man vs. the environment/society
3. man against the unknown

4

Connotation

What a word infers or suggests
(ex. the connotation of snake could be evil)

5

Contrast

Stresses the differences of things, qualities, events, or problems

6

Denotation

The literal meaning or definition of a word
(ex. the denotation of the word snake is reptile)

7

Description

To describe a person you would explain your relationship, their physical characteristics, personality traits, their job, and in what way the person is special or different from others.

- creating a picture using words
- specific details
- uses 5 senses

8

Direct Presentation

The narrator tells the reader everything about the character

9

Dramatic or Objective Point of View

The opposite of the omniscient point of view. It is a moving camera where the events are recorded without judgement or comment. The author does not show the feelings and thoughts of the characters.

- very little of the past or future is given, the story is set in the present

10

Dynamic

A character that changes during the story

11

Falling Action

Part of the plot which occurs after the climax

12

First Person Point of View

The narrator tells the story in the first person using "I", The reader sees and knows only as much as the narrator

13

Flashback

When the present action in a story is temporarily interrupted so that the reader can witness past events

14

Flat

A character with one or two traits

15

Foil

A character that serves by contrast to stress opposing traits in another character

16

Foreshadowing

Hints or clues to help the reader anticipate the outcome of the story

17

Indirect Presentation

When we know about a character by what he or she says, does, or thinks by how others react to the character

18

Irony

A mode of expressions, through words or events conveying a reality different from and usually opposite to appearance or expectation

19

What are the 3 types of irony?

Verbal irony: sarcasm

Situational irony: for example, a proffesional pick pocket has his own pocket picked as he is in the act of picking someone else's pocket

Dramatic Irony: for example, someone unknowingly kills his father and says that he will banish his father's killer when he finds him

20

Limited Omniscient POV

The author tells the story in the third person, but he tells it from the viewpoint of one character in the story, the author stands by the side of the character and presents the story through their eyes

21

Narrator

The person telling the story

22

Omniscient POV

The author tells the story in the third person and he knows everything about all the characters

23

Plot

The sequence of events in a story

24

What are the 5 parts of a plot?

1. Introduction
2. Rising Action
3. Climax
4. Falling Action
5. Conclusion

25

Point of View

Who is telling the story

26

Protagonist

The central character in the story, the character in which the conflict surrounds

27

Resolution

The point of closure in a story, when the principal dramatic complication or dilemma is worked out (conclusion)

28

Rising Action

Part of the plot, a series of steps that develops the conflict as it builds to a climax. Begins with an initial incident

29

Round

A character who is complex and many sided; presented in detail

30

Sarcasm

(Verbal Irony), when a speaker makes a statement in which its actual meaning differs sharply from the meaning of the words expressed

31

Satire

A form of irony that ridicules the faults of humanity, but always in the interest of society

32

Setting

Refers to the time, place, and mood of the story

33

Static

A character that does not change or grow over the course of the story

34

Stereotyped

A "flat character" who is a certain type
(ex: jock, nerd)

35

Suspense

A narrative technique where an author creates uncertainty or anxiety in the reader about what will happen next and the outcome of the story

-suspense is generally resolved when the story reaches its climax

36

Symbol

Used to signify ideas and qualities by giving them symbolic meanings that are different from literal meanings
(ex: dove --> peace, 4-leaf clover --> good luck

37

Theme

The central idea of the story that is usually not stated by the author. The reader must discover the theme by questioning and examining the meaning of the story