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Flashcards in test 1 Deck (48):
1

diversity of book in different cannons of scripture

all have pentateuch
hebrew and protestant have same number in different order
catholic has 7 additional books and 2 additions and greek orthodox had 9 additional books and 3 additions

2

difference in order of books in christian OT and hebrew bible

christian: laws, writings, prophets
hebrew: laws, prophets, writing

3

larger story of old hebrew bible

returning to the homeland

4

torah

law of god as revealed to moses
first 5 books (pentateuch)

5

how was the bible inspired

writers inspired (moved by holy spirit)
inspired by God (breathed or spoken by God)

6

former prophets

joshua, judges, 1 & 2 samuel, 1 & 2 kings
read more like historical text than other books of prophecy

7

role of story of abram and sarai

their descendants chosen to be God's people to restore earth back to its intended purpose through covenant with God
God will bless them and their descendants if they follow and trust him
shows God's covenant promise

8

pentateuch

first 5 books of bible

9

nomadic people

people who move from one place to another instead of living in one place
God called Abraham and Sarah to do this

10

abraham's place in different world religions

islam: friend of God and father of all prophets
ancestor of muhammed
judaism: abraham is father of jewish people
christianity: it is through jesus that abraham is given prominence in christian tradition

11

long lives of early chapters of genesis

longevity of life decreased due to sin
adam --> naoh: 777-969 years
noah --> ab: 200-600 years
israel: 100-200 years
psalms: 70 years

12

supersessionism

belief that jews are no longer God's chosen people, and God doesn't have specific future plans for the nation of israel
church is replacement for israel

13

role of editing in formation of scripture

when texts are translated into different languages translation is interpreted by translator and may contain mistakes or changes

14

nature of god of OT

forgiving
sees, hears, knows and feels, and actos on israelites behalf
sovereign
powerful/in control
grieving destruction of humankind

15

holiness code

holy: set apart for special use
word holy repeated many times in Leviticus 17-26

16

creation account of genesis 1

God
7 days
used wind and water to create
created 6 things
humans created in image of God
created to have dominion
ruah as wind swept over during creation
adam refers to humankind
creates by command

17

creation account of genesis 2

Lord God
1 day
made from dust of the ground
made 4 things
created man out of dust with his breath and women from his rib
created to till and keep garden
ruah as bread to create man
adam as first man
created out of already existing materials

18

bibles interaction with other ancient near eastern written material

near eastern treaties resembled the laws given to moses by God (do this because I have delivered you from slavery)
accounts of a flood matching that of flood story in bible

19

images of god in hebrew bible

KINGAFAP (king almighty god father and protector)
images of god as a mother
images of god as a father

20

miriam

moses' sister
watched to make sure he was okay while floating in river and until he was old enough to be taken care of by pharaoh's daughter

21

ziggurat

towering edifice with shrine to a divinity at summit

22

tanak

collection of jewish texts (hebrew bible)
same as christian OT

23

how often were ten commandments given to israel

given twice in bible

24

purpose of story of abraham and isaac

god asks abraham to sacrifice only son and abraham obeys but right before the sacrifice abraham is stopped and praised for fearing God and obeying
story shows if we obey God he will bless us

25

meaning of "myth"

sacred story
not something made up

26

make up of hebrew bible

law (pentateuch)
prophets
writing

27

pseudepigraphia

falsely attributed works
texts whose claimed author is not the true author or a work whose real author attributed it to a figure of the past

28

dead sea scrolls

manuscripts from Qumran community including some OT hebrew manuscripts from 200 CE
found by young shepard boy
includes fragments of every book of the OT except esther

29

masoretic texts

traditional hebrew text of OT
MT or Heb.
standardized around 100 CE
earliest manuscripts from 800-900 CE

30

septuagint

greek translation of OT made by greek speaking jews in 250-200 BCE
LXX or greek

31

role of atrahasis in gilgamesh epic

includes floor story similar to that in genesis
atrahasis like moses

32

canaanite god of baal

idol Israelites would pray to instead of god
polytheism

33

elohim

name for God used frequently in the hebrew bible

34

yahweh

form of the hebrew name for God
name came to be regarded by Jews as too sacred to be spoken and the vowels are left out

35

order of creation in genesis 1

day and night
sky and sea
land and plants
stars and planets
birds and sea creatures
land animals

36

order of creation in genesis 2

man
trees
animals
women

37

outcome of sin in genesis 3

adam and eve banished from garden
sin and death entered world

38

reason for adam and eve expulsion from the garden

decieved by satan and ate fruit from tree of knowledge of good and evil

39

outcome of god's promise to abraham in genesis 12

promised to give abraham multiple descendents, fame, divine protection and that abraham would be a blessing to all people
god led israelites to promised land but took much longer and second generation

40

outcome of exodus in taking israel into the wilderness

12 spies to promised land for 40 days ( 10 said no go back to egypt 2 said yes with god's power)
40 years wandering in wilderness until first generation gone and new generation to go to promised land

41

culmination of the exodus plagues

pharaoh let israelites go but shortly after followed them to get them back
god parted red sea for israelites to cross
water closed on pharaoh allowing israelites to escape

42

purpose of first 4 of ten commandements

love the lord with all of you
don't make any objects to worship
don't take the name of the Lord in vain
remember the sabbath
first 4 define relationship with God

43

10 commandments

love the lord with all of you
don't make any objects to worship
don't take the name of the Lord in vain
remember the sabbath
honor your mother and father
do not murder
do not commit adultery
do not steal
do not bear false witness against your neighbor
you shall not covet

44

function of joseph's story

sold into slavery, lied about to pharoh and went to prison
brought to pharaoh to interpret his dream and rewarded with overseeing lands of egypt
stored up for predicted famine and when his family came to get food they didn't recognize him until they were told but joseph forgave them

45

why did God give food laws in leviticus

not eating certain things set them apart from other people who were not holy, pure, etc
called to be holy people (set apart) so they needed to do things that would set them apart
keep away pagan practices

46

law code of hammurabi

largest collection of ancient mesopotamian law
resembles many laws given in exodus

47

oldest hebrew manuscripts of most biblical book are in what collection

dead sea scrolls

48

babylonian god marduk and watery chaos

created earth and sky by conquering watery chaos
babylonian myth/creation epic