Test 1 (Lab #1-4) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Test 1 (Lab #1-4) Deck (47):
1

what does OSHA stand for

Occupational Safety and Health Administration

2

what does OSHA require

Safety practices must be incorporated into the laboratory safety policy

3

what must the lab safety policy include

-Proper use and maintenance of equipment
-Safety equipment and supplies must be provided and employees (or students in the lab) must be aware of the location of these items and how to use them

4

what are 5 examples of safety equipment

-Fire extinguisher
-Eye wash station
-First aid kit
-Fume hood
-Biohazard disposal containers

5

what is a Class A and give an example

-compressed gas
-oxygen, carbon dioxide

6

what is a Class B and give an example

-Flammable and Combustible Material
-propane and alcohol

7

what is a Class C and give an example

-Oxidizing Materials
-Hydrogen peroxide, bleach

8

what is a Class D1 and give an example

-Poisonous & Infectious Materials
CAUSING IMMEDIATE AND SERIOUS EFFECTS
- carbon monoxide

9

what is a Class D2 and give an example

-Poisonous & Infectious Materials
CAUSING OTHER TOXIC EFFECTS
-benzene, asbestos

10

what is a Class D3 and give an example

-Poisonous & Infectious Materials
BIOHAZARDOUS INFECTIOUS MATERIAL
- hepatitis B, AIDS

11

what is a Class E and give an example

-corrosive materials
-sulphuric acid, cleaners and disinfectants

12

what is a Class F and give an example

-Dangerously Reactive Materials
-ethylene oxide

13

what is ethylene oxide

equipment sterilizer

14

what information can be found on an MSDS

-Product Information
-Hazardous Ingredients
-Physical Data
-Fire or Explosion Hazard Data
-Reactivity Data:
-Toxicological Properties
-Preventive Measures
-First Aid Measures
-Preparation Information

15

what is the product information on an MSDS

product identifier (name), manufacturer and suppliers names, addresses, and emergency phone numbers

16

what is the reactivity data on an MSDS

information on the chemical instability of a product and the substances it may react

17

what is the toxicological properties on an MSDS

health effects

18

what is the preparation information on an MSDS

who is responsible for preparation and date of preparation of MSDS

19

what are some examples of sharps

-Needles
-Syringes
-Microscope slides
-Broken glass
-Scalpel blades

20

what are some examples of Biological Material

-Urine
-Feces
-Blood
-Bodily fluids

21

what is zoonosis

Zoonosis are diseases that can be transmitted from one species to another, including humans

22

give examples of zoonosis

-Influenza (human to human)
-Leptospirosis (dog to human)

23

what are inanimate objects that carry pathogens called

fomites

24

examples of PPE

-Gloves
-Masks
-Goggles

25

how current do MSDS need to be

3 years

26

why do we Centrifuge blood

to separate serum or plasma (lighter components) from packed cells (heavy components)

27

why do we Centrifuge urine

to separate sediment (heavy components) from supernatant (liquid part)

28

why do we Centrifuge Microcapillary /PCV / Microhematocrit Tubes

To determine the ratio of packed cells in patient’s blood

29

what must be done before you spin any sample

must be counter balanced

30

name 2 important things to remember when spinning Microhematocrit tubes

-Open end of tube goes towards the centre
-Place lid over tubes

31

5 parts of the refractometer

-eyepiece
-cover plate
-prism cover glass
-rubber hand grip
-calibration knob

32

what is distilled waters USG

1.000

33

if you dilute a sample what do you do with the last 2 digits

multiply by 2

34

8 parts of the microscope

-eyepieces
-nosepiece
-condensor
-light source
-objective lenses
-stage
fine adjustment knob
-coarse adjustment knob

35

urine collection methods

-Free Catch
-Cystocentesis
-Catheterization
-Manual Expression

36

when should a urinalysis ideal be performed

30 min

37

how long can a urine sample be refrigerated

2-4 hours

38

what must you drafter taking the sample out of the refrigerator before performing urinalysis

let it warm up to room temperature

39

when should you not do a cysto

Never done on a an obstructed pet – can rupture

40

4 steps in the urinalysis

1. Gross Exam
2. Urine Specific Gravity
3. Biochemical Analysis (Dip stick)
4. Sediment Examination

41

normal urine volume

10-20mls per pound in a 24 hour period

42

what are possible causes for strong odour

male cats, goats, pigs

43

what are possible causes for foul odour

due to bacterial growth

44

what are possible causes for sweet odour

ketones (diabetes mellitus

45

which 2 dip stick values do we not use in vet med

Nitrite, urobilinogen

46

which 2 dip stick values do we not get from the dip stick

leukocytes, specific gravity

47

how much urine do we use for a urinalysis

5-10mL