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Flashcards in Test 2 Deck (37)
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1

10 most dangerous cities in US

1) St. Louis, Missouri
2) Memphis, Tennessee
3) Detroit, Michigan
4) Birmingham, Alabama
5) Rockford, Illinois
6) Baltimore, Maryland
7) Stockton, California
8) Milwaukee, Wisconsin
9) Cleveland, Ohio
10) Hartford, Connecticut

2

3 Most Dangerous States

1) Tennessee
2) Alaska
3) South Carolina

3

Genocide

The deliberate annihilation of a group of people at the hands of another

4

Ethnicity

Cultural practices and outlooks of a give community

5

Segregation

The separation of racial/ethnic groups and allows the dominant group to maintain social distance and yet exploit the labor of the minority group

6

Prejudice

A negative attitude toward another group of people

7

Labeling theory

The view that labels people are given affect their actions

8

Recidivism

The rate of criminals who return to crime and are re arrested is a major problem

9

Facts about American Indians

Numbered about 10 million but had no defense against diseases and the weapons of warfare brought by the white man to their country. Have been reduced to about 1/4 their original size and now number around 3 million

10

Latino Americans

Largest minority group in the US

11

European Americans

Largest group in US

12

Asian Americans

Over 13 million people. Average income for them is high and can be traced to 3 major factors: Asian American children are more likely to grow up in 2 parent homes and less likely to be born to a single mother. Their high rate of college graduation. 48% complete college. Assimilation into the mainstream culture indicated by housing and marriage. More likely to live in integrated neighborhoods and are more financially stable

13

Violence against Women

•In the US, 4 women die each day because of domestic violence and the health care of abused women costs billions of dollars each year

14

Social Class

A large group of people who rank close to one another in property, prestige, & power

15

Facts about Seniors

The elders are less likely to be poor

16

Stratification

The division of groups of people using some characteristic into different strats

17

Facts about Rape

•8 of every 10,000 females age 12 and above are raped each year
•only one third of rapes are reported so a more accurate number would be 3 times higher than the official rate
•only about 1 of 3 rapes is committed by a stranger and date rape is almost always reported

18

Structural Functionism

Stratification is functional for society
It exists because
•society must make sure that it's positions are filled
•some positions are more important than others
•the more important positions must be filled by the more qualified people
•to motivate the more qualified society must offer them greater awards

19

Structural mobility

The movement of an entire segment of the population due to a change in society

20

Caste System

Decided by birth and is life long (ascribed status)

21

Assimilation

The process of being absorbed into the mainstream culture

22

Class consciousness

Marx's term for awareness of a common identity based on ones position in the means of production

23

Strain theory

Robert Merton's term for the strain engendered when a society socializes large numbers of people to desire a cultural goal but withholds from some the approved means of reaching that goal; one adaptation to the strain is crime, the choice of innovative means to attain the cultural goal

24

Differential Association

Edwin Sutherland's term to indicate that people who associate with some groups learn an "excess of definitions" of deviance, increasing the likelihood that they will become deviant

25

Power Elite

C. Wright Mills' term for the top people in US corporations, military, and politics who make the nations major decisions

26

Deviance

The violation of norms

27

Bourgeoisie

Marx's term for capitalists, those who own the means of production

28

Multinational Coorporations

Companies that operate across national boundaries (transitional corporations)

29

Estate system

The stratification system is medieval Europe, consisting of three groups or estates: the nobility, clergy, and commoners

30

Contact theory

The idea that prejudice and negative stereotypes decrease and racial ethnic relations improve when people from different racial ethnic backgrounds who are of equal status interact frequently

31

Institutional discrimination

Negative treatment of a minority group that is built into a societies institutions (systematic discrimination)

32

Serial murder

The killing of several victims in three or more separate events

33

Scapegoat

An individual or group unfairly blamed for someone else's troubles

34

Glass ceiling

The mostly invisible barrier that keeps women from advancing to the top levels at work

35

Hate crime

A crime motivated by mostly racial, sexual, or other prejudice

36

States with the highest levels of poverty

Mississippi
New Mexico
Louisiana

37

States with the highest percentage of minority groups

Hawaii
California
New Mexico