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Flashcards in Test 3 Deck (60):

Compromise of 1820 or the Missouri Compromise

Created by Henry Clay to balance the power of slave and free states. Maine was entered into the union as a free states and Missouri came in as a slave state. The 36"30 line was established in Missouri. Any land above the line would become a free state and any land below the land would become a slave state.


Henry Clay

"the great compromiser" He was a senator from Kentucky. He drafted the compromise of 1820 and the Compromise of 1850.


Uncle Tom's Cabin

It was writtne by Harriet Beecher Stowe and started as a series of pamphlets. It depicted cruel masters and terrible conditions for slaves. Northerners had no reason to doubt the book. It has been said to have started the Civil War.


Harriet Tubman

Established the Underground railroad and was a conductor of it.


Sojourner Truth

Another conductor of the underground railroad. African american abolitionist and women's rights activist. She delivered the speech "Ain't I a women"


Bleeding Kansas

Bleeding Kansas, Bloody Kansas or the Border War was a series of violent political confrontations in the United States between 1854 and 1861 involving anti-slavery "Free-Staters" and pro-slavery "Border Ruffian", or "southern" elements in Kansas. Wikipedia


Prairie settlers

Manifest Destiny encouraged western settlement. Travel was difficult. Wagon caravans could take months to reach where they wanted to go. Destroyed buffalo herds that the native americans depended on


California Gold Rush

Gold was discovered in Sutter's Mill California January 24, 1848. Those who searched for gold were called 49ers.


Texas Annexation

The Texas annexation was the 1845 incorporation of the Republic of Texas into the United States of America, which was admitted to the Union as the 28th state on December 29, 1845. The Republic of Texas declared independence from the Republic of Mexico on March 2, 1836.


"Bleeding Kansas"

the debate over whether to admit Kansas to the Union as a free or slave state. John brown played an important role in it. one was admitted as a free state and the other as a slave state. Bleeding Kansas, Bloody Kansas or the Border War was a series of violent political confrontations in the United States between 1854 and 1861 involving anti-slavery "Free-Staters" and pro-slavery "Border Ruffian", or "southern" elements in Kansas.


John Quincy Adams

One of the lawyers in the amastid case (slave rebellion) , the sixth president of the U.S., vice president,


Wilmot Provisio

Plan devised by the north that said any land coming from Mexico would enter as a free state the plan was never enacted.


popular soveirgnty

Popular sovereignty, or the sovereignty of the peoples' rule, is part of the seven principle, that the authority of a
state and its government is created and sustained by the consent of its people, through their elected representatives (Rule by the People), who are the source of all political power. It said that states should be able to decide whether they would become a free or slave state


Fugitive Slave Law

said that any slave found should be returned to their owners even if they had escaped to free territory


Caning of Sumner

Preston Brooks was a southerner who beat Charles Sumner over the head during a heated debate. He nearly beat him to death. Charles was able to return to work but suffered brain injuries


Abraham Lincoln

Elected in 1860. Born in Kentucky but moved to Ilinios as a child. Had four children. He was depressed. Sixteenth president. served from March 1861 to April 1865


april 12, 1861

The first shots of the Civil War were fired at Fort Sumter. Charleston South Carolina Who fired the shits is unknown



to leave the union


preserve the union

Abraham Lincoln was more concerned with preserving the Union than freeing the slaves.


Confederate states of america

Under Jefferson Davis from Kentucky. Alexander Stephens from Georgia was the vice president


Richmond, Virginia

Capital of the Confederate states of America


Advantages/disadvantages of both sides

The south had better leadership under Robert E. Lee than the north had under Mckellen. Most of the battle were fought in the south so the south had the advantage of knowing the terrain. The North had better resources. Factories, railroads, bigger population, and more soldiers. The north also had trained soldiers while he south only had volunteers. Jefferson Davis had to start a new nation from scratch while lincoln already had a government set up.


Battle of Bull Run

First major battle of the Civil War. The North was expected to have a desicive victory. The union realized that the war would not be won as quickly as they had hoped.


Battle of Antietam

Had the largest casualty count of a one day battle


The Emancipation Proclammation

freed the slaves in states of rebellion on January 1, 1863


The Battle of Vicksburg

gives the Union control of the Mississippi river


JEB Stuart

southern confederate leader


Sherman's march to sea

as he was going through the south, he burnt everything so that the south couldn't use it against the north. He burnt Atlanta down


April 9, 1865

the end of the Civil War


"Our American Cousin"

the play that Lincoln was watching the night he was shot


Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

southern confederate leader


Ambrose Burnside

a leader of the Army of the Patomic. Popularized sideburns


David (Glasgow) Farguat

David Glasgow Farragut was a flag officer of the United States Navy during the American Civil War. He was the first rear admiral, vice admiral, and admiral in the United States Navy. Wikipedia


George Edward Pickett

Confederate army officer who led Pickett's charge on the third day of the Battle of Gettysburg. He led his men up a hill to charge to their disadvantage. It was a failure


Thomas "Stonewall" Johnson

Confederate leader called stonewall because he would endanger himself by sitting on his horse and watching the battle. He was killed by friendly fire


Battle of Mobile Bay

Led by Farraguart "Full speed ahead" Union victory. Fort Morgan and Fort Ganes protected Mobile


Battle of Chancellorsvlle

The Battle of Chancellorsville, fought from April 30 to May 6, 1863, is widely considered to be Confederate
Gen. Robert E. Lee's greatest victory during the American Civil War. Facing an enemy force nearly twice the size of his own, Lee daringly split his troops in two, confronting and surprising Union Gen. Joseph Hooker.
confederate victory when stonewall jackson was killed by his own men


John C.Calhoun

Fire eater from South Carolina. Vice president under Andrew Jackson. Planned to become president but his temper hendered him.



one of the last holdouts of the Texas Army in modern day San Antonia. The mexican army killed everyone in the alamo. Davy Crocket and Jim Buoy are most well known victims.


Stephen A. Douglass

Lincoln's competitor in the Senate race. Known as the little giant because of his bug speaking voice.


King Cotton

Cotton was a very important crop in the south. The wealth and well-being of the southerners depended on it. It was very labor intensive crop.Cotton seeds are spread out to grown and later weeded out to decrease the competition.



The south wanted states rights. Many would argue that the Civil War was fought over the power that the federal government had to decide whether an area was a slave or free state.


Montgomery, Alabama

The original capital of the Confederacy


Army of the Potomac

The Union army during the Civil War


Ulyssess S. Grant

The most well-known Union army leader because he was in charge when the Union won. He allowed Lee to keep his sword when he surrendered


CSS Alabama

CSS Alabama was a screw sloop-of-war built in 1862 for the Confederate States Navy at Birkenhead on the River Mersey opposite Liverpool, England by John Laird Sons and Company. Wikipedia Rafiel Simmons was the captain


Anaconda plan

His plan to defeat the Confederacy had three main parts: 1) Blockade all Eastern and Southern ports in the Confederate States. 2) Divide the South by taking control of the Mississippi River. 3) Control the Tennessee Valley and march through Georgia to the coast.


Battle of Gettysburg

In Pennsylvania The largest total number of casualties for a battle. The Gettysburg address was given here


Mary Todd Lincoln

Came from a rich family, turned down Lincoln's first proposal, overspent her budget in redecordating the white house. Was also depressed.


Andersonville Prison

The worst Civil War prisoner of war camp. Henry Wirz was the only confederate executed for war crimes because he was in charge of the prison and i was terrile.


Appomattox Courthouse

Where Lee surrendered to Grant on April 9, 1865.


Ford's Theatre

The theatre where Lincoln was shot


Andrew Johnson

Lincoln's vice president who took Lincoln's place and carried out reconstruction as a "sitting duck".


Frederick Douglass

freed slave, abolitionist, orator, and newspaper publisher of The North Star


Mathew Brady

War photographer of the Civil War


Nathan Bedford Forrest

confederate leader and first grand wizard of the Klu Klux Klan


George Gordon Meade

When Hooker resigned as commander for the Army of the Potomac, Lincoln informed Meade that he was to be the replacement in the position Hooker had left. Meade led the battle that is seen by historians as one of the turning points of the Civil War when during the Battle of Gettysburg he confronted General Lee and won.


Arlington Cemetery

The graveyard that was built on Robert E. Lee's land to spite him.


Lincoln and Kennedy Similarities

Both were assissinated, born 100 years apart, both served in the Senate, Lincoln's senator was named Kennedy and Kennedy's senator was named Lincoln, Lincoln was elected in 1860 and Kennedy was elected in 1960, Shortly before he died Lincoln went to Monroe Marilyn, Shortly before Kennedy died he saw Marilyn Monroe, Lee Harvey Oswald shot kennedy from barn and hid in a theatre, John Wild's Booth shot Lincoln in a theatre and hid in a barn


Dread Scott versus Stanford

Dread was a slave whose owner died and he was given to his owner's son. The son was a doctor who lived up north. Dread claimed that since he was in free territory, he should b free. the case went to the supreme court. the court rules that he is still a slave. The court said that he is not a citizen so he shouldn't have been able to bring the case up and setting him free would infringe his owner's fourth amendment property rights.