test 42- food Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in test 42- food Deck (17):
1

• a .... diet contains all the necessary substances required by body cells.

balanced

2

• there can be adverse affects from overeating as well as from .... .

undernutrition

3

• a varied diet ‏is the best way to ensure an adequate .... of all the essential nutrients.

intake

4

• the essential nutrients are water, carbohydrate, protein, lipid, vitamin, and .... .

minerals

5

• carbohydrates are the main source of ..(1).. . they comprise sugars, ..(2).. and complex polysaccharides.

(1) energy
(2) starches

6

• fruit and vegetables provide carbohydrate but leaves and stalks can be indigestible because they contain more .... .

cellulose

7

• the component .... of protein are essential for structural maintenance, physiological regulation and energy supply.

amino acids

8

• high quality protein which is easily digested and ..(1).. is found in meat, eggs, milk, and fish and ..(2).. (beans, peas, lentils etc).

(1) absorbed
(2) pulses

9

• lipids provide concentrated energy and are used by the body to store energy. they provide ..(1).. under the skin, ..(2).. major organs from trauma and are required for effective neural function.

(1) insulation
(2) protect

10

• they give food aroma and .... , increase palatability and give a feeling of satiety.

flavour

11

• only small .... of vitamins are required.

amounts

12

• fat-soluble vitamins are absorbed from the small intestine and are found in ..(1).. and plant oils. they can be ..(2).. in the liver and adipose tissue.

(1) fish
(2) lost

13

• vitamin B complex includes thiamine, .... and nicotinic acid.

riboflavin

14

• foods providing these include .... (wheat, rye) yeast, milk and eggs.

cereals

15

• there are many minerals that are essential for health, but iron, .... , and zinc are the most significant.

iodine

16

• zinc is involved in enzyme reactions and is important during periods of growth and wound .... . it is found in animal products.

healing

17

iron is a major component of ..(1).. and is important in enzyme processes and in the immune response. iron is found in most foods but must be in ..(2).. form.

(1) haemoglobin
(2) bioavailable