The Growth of Parliamentary Democracy: Consequences of The Great Reform Act Flashcards Preview

Britain, c1785-c1870: democracy, protest and reform > The Growth of Parliamentary Democracy: Consequences of The Great Reform Act > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Growth of Parliamentary Democracy: Consequences of The Great Reform Act Deck (21):
1

How many boroughs were disenfranchised?

56

2

How many boroughs lost on of their two MPs?

30

3

How many new boroughs were formed?

42

4

How many extra seats did Scotland and Ireland get?

8 & 5 respectively

5

In the counties votes were given to...

Adult males who owned land worth £10 a year or rented land worth £50 a year, as well as 40 shilling freeholder

6

In the boroughs....

Votes made uniform and given to men who owned/rented property over £10 and had been there more than a year, and hadn't had poor relief. Not inherited.

7

All voters...

Had to register

8

New electorate was mainly made up of.....

Middle Class business owners

9

The number of seats favored...

The counties

10

Were 366,000 voters, increased to...

650,000 (18% of the adult male population)

11

The working class were...

Still disenfranchised

12

By extending the franchise to middle classes, the aristocracy...

Destroyed any possibility of an alliance with the working class. Links instead were strong with propertied interests.

13

Corruption after the 1832 was still widespread, for example...

Henry Hunt lost his seat in the first GE after GRA, to a Tory-Whig alliance of two wealthy families in Preston, and William Gladstone was elected MP in Newark thanks to the Duke of Newcastle's intimidation of the constituency

14

As a result of a larger electorate, the parties...

Needed to encourage people to vote

15

The Tory Party set up.... to encourage votes

The Carlton Club

16

The Whig Party established.... to encourage voters

The Reform Club

17

In local government...

Party activists emerged to encourage voters

18

The 1835 Municipal Corporation Act...

Dissolved current local councils and introduced elected councils, which any male ratepayer could vote for

19

After 1832, political parties ideologies...

Became clearer, and the parties more polarised, establishing the rise of the two party system

20

The parties became more responsive to the electorate after 1832, and passed lots of social and economic acts, such as...

The Poor Law Act passed in 1834

21

Although Chartism was initially considered a failure, it did...

Keep radical ideas alive