The Growth of Parliamentary Democracy: Pressure for Change and Reform Flashcards Preview

Britain, c1785-c1870: democracy, protest and reform > The Growth of Parliamentary Democracy: Pressure for Change and Reform > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Growth of Parliamentary Democracy: Pressure for Change and Reform Deck (23):
1

The GNP rose by __% after 1820, and manufacturing by __%

16.8, 25

2

Henry Hunt and other political prisoners were released...

in 1822

3

The UK government had moved from reactionism to....

Liberalism

4

In 1821 which Rotten Borough was disenfranchised?

Grampound, Cornwall

5

What year did Lord John Russell propose a reform bill disenfranchising 100 rotten boroughs?

1822

6

Bad harvest in what years led to unruly poor?

1828/9

7

How many petitions were made in February-March 1830 over bad harvests and need for help for the poor?

200

8

When & where did the Swing Riots begin? What did they invove?

1830, the South, burning hayricks

9

When was Birmingham Political Union established and by who?

1829, by Thomas Attwood

10

What was the aim and the significance of the Birmingham Political Union?

It wanted financial reform (and therefore needed to establish political reform first), and it became a model for political unions across the country

11

When was the issue of Catholic Emancipation brought to light, and by what organisation?

1823, and the Catholic Association

12

When was Lord Liverpool in power?

1812-1827

13

What laws prevented Catholics from becoming MPs?

The Penal Laws 1691

14

Who was on each side of the Tory party divided by the issue of Emancipation? When did the party become truly polarised?

Robert Peel- against
George Canning- for
1826

15

In the space of 11 months (in 1827/8), how many leaders did the Tory party have?

3

16

The Duke of Wellington became PM in 1828- he split the Tory Party into ____ and _____ by supporting Catholic Emancipation?

Liberals and Ultras

17

In June 1830 the Tories were returned to office with a majority of __ MPs?

42

18

The Duke of Wellington stepped aside for which Whig leader in 1830/1?

Earl Grey

19

Earl Grey first called for reform in the first bill in what year? What did the bill include?

1831, disenfranchising 100 rotten/pocket boroughs

20

When the Second Reform Bill was defeated, where were there riots and how many casualties were there?

Bristol, 130

21

The 3rd Reform Bill changed in what ways from it's predecessors?

Went down so 30 (instead of 41) lost one of 2MPs, and 10 new boroughs given 2 (not 1) MP

22

Earl Grey asked the King to grant 50 new Whig peers because?

The Lords were blocking the reform bill

23

When the King asked Wellington to form a new government, how much money was removed from banks?

1.8 million