The rise and fall of fascism Italy (1911-1946) Flashcards Preview

The rise and fall of fascism Italy (1911-1946) > The rise and fall of fascism Italy (1911-1946) > Flashcards

Flashcards in The rise and fall of fascism Italy (1911-1946) Deck (24)
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1

Trasformismo

Different political factions forming a coalition government regardless of differences excluding the extremist parties making them feel isolated

2

Lire

The Italian currency

3

Socialists

Work to improve the political and economic status of the working class

4

Roman Question

This was the term used to describe the split between the Italian state and the Catholic Church

5

Universal male suffrage

The right to vote for all men over the age of 21 in 1912

6

Anticlericals

Politicians (mainly liberal) who opposed the Catholic Church to have a position in the liberal state

7

Irridentism

The demand that Italy seize from Austria those lands on its North and East borders where majority of the population spoke Italian

8

Triple Alliance

Military Alliance between Italy, Germany and Austria-Hungary

9

Entente Powers

An alliance of Britain, France and Russia

10

Armistice

Agreement to cease fighting

11

Trade unions

Organisation, often socialists which seek to improve the pay and conditions of their members - represented several million factory and farm workers

12

Mutilated victory

The claim that Italy had been denied its rightful territorial gains in the peace settlement after the first World War

13

Squadrismo

The violent attacks of Fascist gangs

14

Ras

Local Fascists leaders

15

Anti-semitism

Hatred for Jews

16

National militia

Fascists squads were converted into a national militia giving them legal status, the blackshirt militia was under control of the Fascist party

17

Acerbo law

A law that stated that you need 25% of the votes to gain 2/3 of the seats in Parliament

18

Ballot-rigging

Fixing the result of an election by destroying vote casts for opposition parties or adding voting papers

19

Press censorship

Newspapers are no longer permitted to criticise the government

20

Leggi Fascistissime

Fascist laws which banned all opposition parties and organisation

21

Personal Dictatorship

A regime where a single person holds total power, person is allowed to make their own laws and arrest opponents at will

22

Cult of the Duce

The promotion of Mussolini as the ‘supreme leader’ (Duce)

23

OVRA

Fascist secret police

24

Depression

A period of economic stagnation(still) that began in the USA and affected all European industries