Tibiofibular and Ankle Joint Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Tibiofibular and Ankle Joint Deck (29):
1

the yea dog the tibia has a ---- plateau. there is also the medial and lateral ------ separated by the -----

Flat
Condyles
Intercondylar Eminence

2

tibial tuberosity is the site on insertion for what tendon

patellar tendon

3

the tibia has what part of the ankle joint

medial malleolus

4

posteriorly in the tibia is the line of insertion for what muscle

soleal muscle

5

the fibula on what side of the leg

lateral

6

the fibula contains what part of the ankle joint

lateral malleolus

7

type joint of the tibulofibular joint superiorly

synovial
reinforced by the lateral collateral ligament

8

type joint of the tibulofibular joint inferiorly

syndesmosis

9

between the fibula and the tibia is the -------- --------- that has 2 holes in it

interosseous membrane

10

how many rows of bones are in the tarsal component of the foot

3 rows of 7 bones
(p-a, 2,1 1/2,31/2)

11

name the bones that make up the tarsal compartment, FROM POSTERIOR TO ANTERIOR

Talus,Calcaneus
Navicularis, Cuboid
Cuneiforms (part of the cuboid most anteriolaterally)

12

what part of the tibia receives less blood supply

most distal 1/3

13

out of the bones of the foot which one has no muscle attachment

Talus

14

how many metatarsal bones are there and which one if the most prone to damage

5, 2nd

15

how many phalanxes are there

14, big toe only has 2

16

components of the foot joint

Ankle joint
Subtalar joint
Midtarsal Joint

17

why is the posterior part of the talus less stable

because is thinner and thus there is more ROM

18

what supports the ankle joint posteriorly

the tibiofibular ligament and the talofibular ligament

19

how many ligaments are associated with the talus

talocrural (above)
talocalcaneal (bellow)
talocalcaneonavicular (anteriorly)
calcaneocuboid (anteriorly)

20

what are the two main strong joints of the ankle

medial collateral ligament [strongest of the 2]
lateral collateral ligament

21

medial collateral ligament is made out of 4 ligaments namely

2 tibiotalar
tibiocalcaneal
tibionavicular
[all of them referred to as the deltoid ligament]

22

medial collateral ligament is made out of 3 ligaments namely

2 talofibular (ant more prone to injury)
1 fibulocalcaneus

23

if the medial colateral ligament is injured what is also likely to be injured

fracture of the shaft of the fibula
and the medial malleolus of the tibia

24

what, even though not a part of it, passes close to the MCL

the spring ligament (from calcaneus to navicular), keeps medial arch of the foot

25

where does inversion and eversion occurs in the foot?

at the talocalcaneal joint

26

the sinus tarsi is in between

the talocalcaneal joint and the talocalcaneonavicular joint

27

what important structures go through the sinus tarsi

the vascular sling for the calcaneus (upwards from the neck, head is more distally to this)
and the interosseous ligament

28

supination of the foot =

inversion

29

the transverse tarsal joint is made by ----- and is a functional structure

talocalcaneonavicular joint and the calcaneocuboid joint