Understand how Extrinsic Factors can influence the risk of injury Flashcards Preview

Cambridge National Sport Level 1/2 > Understand how Extrinsic Factors can influence the risk of injury > Flashcards

Flashcards in Understand how Extrinsic Factors can influence the risk of injury Deck (16):
1

Name five extrinsic factors can influence the risk of injury.

-coaching supervision
- equipment
- safety hazards
- environmental factors
- type of activity

2

Identify three aspects of coaching supervision that can influence the risk if injury

- importance of adhering to rules and regulations
- poor/incorrect coaching technique
- ineffective communication skills

3

Give an example of how ineffective communication skills can affect the risk of injury

-coach is unable to explain safety points clearly (e.g. carrying a javelin) OR
-unable to demonstrate safe techniques (rugby tackle)

4

Give an example of how poor/incorrect coaching techniques can affect the risk of injury.


-dangerous technique/ skills will be taught (e.g. two footed tackle in football)
-won't be able to recognise and correct faults (e.g. unsafe landing in gymnastics)

5

Give an example of how ensuring participants can adhere to the rules of regulations can affect the risk of injury.

Example- make sure players know two footed tackles in football are dangerous (broken bones)
Example- long jump rules- somersaults not allowed into sand pit)

6

Give three examples of protective (safety) equipment and a sport or activity it can be used in.

Shin pads- football
Gumshield- rugby
Helmet- cycling
Shoulder pads- American Football
Elbow pads- skateboarding

7

Give three examples of performance equipment and a sport or activity it can be used in.

- Hockey stick
- Cricket ball
- Rock climbing harness
- Discus
- Horse riding saddle

8

Give three examples of clothing/footwear that is suitable for a particular playing surface or sport/activity

Moulded football boots- astroturf
Cross trainers- for indoor use/sports hall
Waterproof jacket- hill walking
Athletics- 'spiked' running shoes

9

What three environmental factors can influence the risk of injury.

- Other participants
- Weather
- Playing surface/Performance area and surrounding area

10

Identify three different weather hazards and give examples of how they can increase the risk of injury.

Sun/Heat- sunstroke, dehydration, sunburn (e.g. playing cricket all day)
Rain- hypothermia, less surface grip so more chance of collisions (e.g. cycling)
Snow/low temperatures- hypothermia, frostbite (e.g. mountaineering, skiing)

11

For three different sports/activities identify a risk and possible injury associated with that sport

Rugby- collisions- concussion
Marathon Running- blisters
Basketball- slips/twists- ligament sprains
Cricket- ball hitting body- contusions (bruises)

12

What are the three components of an Emergency Action Plan (EAP)

Emergency personnel- i.e. first aider
Emergency communication- i.e. telephone
Emergency equipment- i.e. first aid kit

13

What is a risk assessment?

A procedure done to ensure that an activity is safe for participants and looks to minimise the chances of accidents or injuries occurring.

14

What four areas of should be considered when conducting a risk assessment?

1. The pitch- correct markings, surface is safe, broken bottles, equipment is secured safely (e.g. rugby posts are covered in padding etc.)
2. The area surrounding the pitch- free from obstructions e.g. water bottles,
3. Players- check for suitable footwear & clothing, jewelry removed
4. Spectators-safe distance from playing area and sensible behaviour

15

Give one way other participants can influence the risk of injury.

-Too many participants for the playing area- too crowded, increased risk of collisions

16

What is the purpose of a risk assessment?

- (WHAT) to think about what might cause harm to people or to identify hazards or extrinsic factors
- (WHO) to see/identify who might be (potentially) harmed
- (WHY) to decide what steps need to be taken to prevent harm or minimise/eliminate risks
- Ensure a match/lesson is safe to go ahead