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Flashcards in Unit One Deck (65):
1

When was the constitution created?

September 17, 1787

2

When was the constitution ratified?

June 21, 1788

3

What we're some problems with the Articles?

No judiciary or executive branch. National government couldn't tax.

4

The last state to ratify the constitution...

Rhode Island

5

The process by which people decide who shall govern and what policies shall be adopted.

Politics

6

The procedures and institutions by which a people govern and rule themselves.

Government

7

The set of arrangements, including checks and balances, separation of powers, federalism, due process, and a bill or rights that requires out leaders to think, listen, bargain, and explain before they act or make laws. We hold them accountable for how they exercise their powers.

Constitutionalism

8

Delegates at the constitutional convention were...

Wealthy, white, male land owners

9

Three broad categories for dividing democracy…

System of Interacting Values

System of Interrelated Political Processes

System of Interdependent Political Structures

10

Santa Fe Independent School District vs. Doe

Public prayer before football games violates the 1st Amendment

11

Engal vs Vital

No public school prayer

12

When was the bill of rights added?

December 15, 1791

13

What is the adaptive approach to the constitution??

Sees constitution as changing and evolving with time and generations will interpret it differently.

Gives courts more power because they can interpret the constitution differently.

14

What is the originalist approach to the constitution??

Want a strict interpretation of the constitution.

Forces people to adopt amendments if they want constitutional change.

15

A directive issued by the president or governor that has the force of law.
Ex) Earth Day

Executive order

16

The power to keep executive communications confidential.

Executive Privledge

17

Congressional legislation that gives further meaning to the constitution based on sometimes vague constitutional authority.
Ex) Necessary and Proper Clause

Congressional Elaboration

18

Who was the first African American on the Supreme Court?

When?

Thurgood Marshall
1967

19

Checks and Balances; Legislative Branch

Approves budget
Can override presidential veto
House can impeach
Senate tries impeachment
Senate confirms appointments

20

Checks and Balances; Executive Branch

Propose laws
Veto laws
Pardon people
Nominates judges

21

Checks and Balances; Judicial Branch

Can declare executive actions and laws unconstitutional.

22

Three examples of relations among states...

Full faith and credit
Extradition
Interstate compacts

23

Federalism types; each level of government is dominant in its own sphere

Dual federalism

24

Federalism types; stresses federalism as a system of intergovernmental relationships in delivering goods and services to people

Cooperative federalism

25

Federalism types; federalism as a mixed set of responsibilities where all leaves are engaged Ina variety of issues

Marble cake federalism

26

Federalism types; the different levels of governments compete over ways to put together packages of services and taxes.

Competitive federalism

27

Federalism types;the states power rest on the permissiveness of the national government.

Permissive federalism.

28

Federalism types; the power of the federal government is limited in favor of the broad power of the states, any power not delegated to the national government is reserved to the states.

New federalism.

29

What was Nixon's new federalism?

Wanted to help the needy by making social programs.

30

What was Reagan's new federalism?

One for one.
Federal government will take some responsibilities and give others back.
(Didn't work)

31

Block grants

Broad, gives states more freedom.

32

Categorical grants

More specific and money has to be spent on certain things.

33

Grants; Entitlements

Have to meet a requirement to receive.
Ex) Medicaid, AFDC, Social security

34

Grants; Capital purpose

Infrastructure
Ex) Roads, Water

35

Grants; Operational

Education, law enforcement

36

The movement back to state power

Devolution

37

Locke; where man is judge jury and executioner

State of nature

38

Locke; the ultimate role of government is the protection of ...

Property

39

Federalist papers; supports a ... for a more powerful and fair-minded national government.

Constitution

40

Federalist papers; what form of government does Madison favor?

Republic

41

The ... Clause has made it more difficult for the federal government to intervene in state policies.

Commerce

42

What is another term for implied powers?

Expressed

43

Who is next in line for presidency after the Vice President?

Speaker of the house

44

How many justices are on the Supreme Court?

9

45

Who grants permission for a new state to enter the union?

Congress

46

Fed or Anti-Fed? James Madison

Fed

47

Fed or Anti-Fed? Alexander Hamilton

Fed

48

Fed or Anti-Fed? John Jay

Fed

49

Fed or Anti-Fed? Jefferson

Anti- Fed

50

Fed or Anti-Fed? Patrick Henry

Anti- Fed

51

The American revolution began during the...

1770s

52

The three fifths compromise did not deal with...

Treaty ratification

53

The puritans of Massachusetts established a ...

Theocracy

54

The Annapolis convention was help to consider problems of ...

Trade and navigation

55

What percent of state legislators are women?

25%

56

In senate a vacancy is filled by?

The governors choice of person

57

Article I

Legislative Branch

58

Article II

Executive Branch

59

Article III

Judicial Branch

60

Article IV

Relationships between states

61

Article V

Amendment process

62

Article VI

Supremacy clause

63

Article VII

Ratification of constitution
(9 states)

64

Who approves treaties made by the president??

The Senate

65

What presidents have been impeached??

Andrew Johnson (1868)
Bill Clinton (1999)