Flashcards in Unit One Deck (65):
When was the constitution created?
September 17, 1787
When was the constitution ratified?
June 21, 1788
What we're some problems with the Articles?
No judiciary or executive branch. National government couldn't tax.
The last state to ratify the constitution...
The process by which people decide who shall govern and what policies shall be adopted.
The procedures and institutions by which a people govern and rule themselves.
The set of arrangements, including checks and balances, separation of powers, federalism, due process, and a bill or rights that requires out leaders to think, listen, bargain, and explain before they act or make laws. We hold them accountable for how they exercise their powers.
Delegates at the constitutional convention were...
Wealthy, white, male land owners
Three broad categories for dividing democracy…
System of Interacting Values
System of Interrelated Political Processes
System of Interdependent Political Structures
Santa Fe Independent School District vs. Doe
Public prayer before football games violates the 1st Amendment
Engal vs Vital
No public school prayer
When was the bill of rights added?
December 15, 1791
What is the adaptive approach to the constitution??
Sees constitution as changing and evolving with time and generations will interpret it differently.
Gives courts more power because they can interpret the constitution differently.
What is the originalist approach to the constitution??
Want a strict interpretation of the constitution.
Forces people to adopt amendments if they want constitutional change.
A directive issued by the president or governor that has the force of law.
Ex) Earth Day
The power to keep executive communications confidential.
Congressional legislation that gives further meaning to the constitution based on sometimes vague constitutional authority.
Ex) Necessary and Proper Clause
Who was the first African American on the Supreme Court?
Checks and Balances; Legislative Branch
Can override presidential veto
House can impeach
Senate tries impeachment
Senate confirms appointments
Checks and Balances; Executive Branch
Checks and Balances; Judicial Branch
Can declare executive actions and laws unconstitutional.
Three examples of relations among states...
Full faith and credit
Federalism types; each level of government is dominant in its own sphere
Federalism types; stresses federalism as a system of intergovernmental relationships in delivering goods and services to people
Federalism types; federalism as a mixed set of responsibilities where all leaves are engaged Ina variety of issues
Marble cake federalism
Federalism types; the different levels of governments compete over ways to put together packages of services and taxes.
Federalism types;the states power rest on the permissiveness of the national government.
Federalism types; the power of the federal government is limited in favor of the broad power of the states, any power not delegated to the national government is reserved to the states.
What was Nixon's new federalism?
Wanted to help the needy by making social programs.
What was Reagan's new federalism?
One for one.
Federal government will take some responsibilities and give others back.
Broad, gives states more freedom.
More specific and money has to be spent on certain things.
Have to meet a requirement to receive.
Ex) Medicaid, AFDC, Social security
Grants; Capital purpose
Ex) Roads, Water
Education, law enforcement
The movement back to state power
Locke; where man is judge jury and executioner
State of nature
Locke; the ultimate role of government is the protection of ...
Federalist papers; supports a ... for a more powerful and fair-minded national government.
Federalist papers; what form of government does Madison favor?
The ... Clause has made it more difficult for the federal government to intervene in state policies.
What is another term for implied powers?
Who is next in line for presidency after the Vice President?
Speaker of the house
How many justices are on the Supreme Court?
Who grants permission for a new state to enter the union?
Fed or Anti-Fed? James Madison
Fed or Anti-Fed? Alexander Hamilton
Fed or Anti-Fed? John Jay
Fed or Anti-Fed? Jefferson
Fed or Anti-Fed? Patrick Henry
The American revolution began during the...
The three fifths compromise did not deal with...
The puritans of Massachusetts established a ...
The Annapolis convention was help to consider problems of ...
Trade and navigation
What percent of state legislators are women?
In senate a vacancy is filled by?
The governors choice of person
Relationships between states
Ratification of constitution
Who approves treaties made by the president??