Vertebral Column Flashcards Preview

Gross Anatomy Term 1 > Vertebral Column > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vertebral Column Deck (17):
1

What are the two layers of intrinsic muscles of the back?

-Superficial: Erector Spinae
-Deep: Transversospinalis

2

What is the nervous supply to the Erector spinae?

Segmental dorsal rami

3

What is abnormal curvature of the thoracic spinal column called?

-Excessive kyphosis

4

What is abnormal curvature of the lumbar spine called?

-excessive lordosis

5

List in order the layers of vertebral ligaments that must be pierced during introduction of epidural anesthetics:

1. Supraspinous ligament
2. Interspinous ligament
3. Ligamentum Flavum

6

What cord segments send sympathetic axons to the sympathetic chain?

T1-L2

7

What is the process on C2 that sticks up into C1?

The Dens

8

What does C1 lack?

a vertebral body

9

What are the holes in cervical vertebrae for the vertebral artery?

Foramen Transversarium

10

What is the ring of fibrocartilage called in the intervertebral disc?

Annulus fibrosis

11

What are the two types of disc herniation?

-Posterior herniation
-posterior-lateral herniation

12

At what vertebral level does the spinal cord end?

L1/L2

13

What is the end of the spinal cord called?

Conus medullaris

14

What is the extension of pia at the end of the spinal cord called?

Filum terminale

15

What is the hole at the end of the sacrum called?

sacral hiatus

16

At what vertebral level does the dura end?

S2

17

Which ramus enters the sympathetic chain? Which leaves?

Enter: White ramus

Leave: Grey Ramus