Vocabulary Homework #3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocabulary Homework #3 Deck (29):
1

A Capella

Italian word for "in the manner of the chapel" this is specifically group or solo singing without instrumental accompaniment, or a piece intended to be performed in this way. Styles range from gospel music to contemporary to barbershop quartets and choruses.

2

Intonation

This refers to an ACCURACY OF PITCH in playing or singing, or on a stringed instrument such as a guitar. Also refers to the rise and fall of the speaking voice.

3

Vibrato

A RAPID or SLIGHT VARIATION IN PITCH in singing or playing some musical instruments, producing a stronger or richer tone.

4

Whole Tone Scale

A scale consisting entirely of whole steps.

5

Dynamics

Referring to volume and change in volume that changes the feeling of the piece.

6

Major Scale

The major scale goes W-W-H-W-W-W-H

7

Time Signature (define both numbers)

An indication of rhythm following either the base clef or treble clef. Generally expressed as a fraction with the denominator defining the beat as a division of a whole note and the numerator giving the number of beats in each bar.

8

Key Signature

The key signature is a set of sharp or flat symbols placed together on the staff. With sharps the order is FCGDAEB (Fat Cats Go Down Alleys Eating Bread) and flats the order is BEADGCF (BEAD Greatest Common Factor).

9

Triad

Three note chord, consisting of thirds.

10

Slur

This is a symbol in Western musical notation indicating that the notes it embraces are to be played without separation, implying more of a legato feel (perform {a group of two or more notes} legato). Play smoothly and connected.

11

Tie

This is a curved line connecting the heads of two notes of the same pitch and name, indicating that they are to be played as an unbroken note with a duration equal to the sum of the individual notes' note values (ex. two quarter notes {in 4/4} would be played as a half note).

12

Legato

This is Italian for "tied together.” This indicates that musical notes are played or sung smoothly and that they should be connected.

13

Tenuto

This indicates that a note should be sustained for the full time value and sometimes a little longer.

14

Timbre

The character or quality of a musical sound or voice as distinct from its pitch and its intensity. Ex. They have such a bright tone.

15

Half Step/Whole Step

Half step refers to the interval between two notes that implies it is only one note away aka the next key on the piano. Thus, a whole step implies two half steps (usually skipping over a black key if starting on a white key except between B-C and E-F).

16

Accidental

In music, an accidental is a sign indicating a momentary departure from the key signature by raising or lowering a note.

17

Natural Minor Scale

The natural minor scale has the same tones as the major scale, but uses the sixth tone of the major scale as its tonic. Thus, the semitones (half steps) are between the second and third tones and the fifth and sixth tones. {La to La in any major scale, using the applied key signature}

18

Harmonic Minor Scale

The harmonic minor scale is a minor scale like the natural form except that the 7th tone is raised by a half step.

19

Melodic Minor Scale

To write a melodic minor scale, first write an ascending and descending natural minor scale. On the way up, raise the 6th & 7th scale degrees a ½ step. On the way down, lower the 6th & 7th scale degrees a ½ step to their original pitches. The descending melodic minor scale is the same as the natural minor scale.)

20

Phrasing (musical definition)

A phrase is a series of notes that sound complete even when played apart from the main song.

21

Mezzo

This is an Italian word that means half. It is typically used alongside another direction, such as Mezzo Forte. Also referring to a female singer with a voice pitched between soprano and contralto.

22

Piu Mosso

This term implies a direction to with play more motion.

23

Meno Mosso

This term implies to play less motion.

24

Colla Voce

Follow the solo voice - an indication that the vocal part sings in a free manner and the other instruments should follow. Usually given to the accompanist to play carefully, and to take their tempos and rhythm from the soloist.

25

Segue

In music, segue is a direction given to the performer to proceed from one section or piece of music to another without a break.

26

Tonic

This is the first scale degree of a diatonic scale; the keynote.

27

Molto

The Italian musical term means “very” or “much” and is usually used with other musical commands to intensify their effects such as allegro molto, “very fast.”

28

Enharmonic

An enharmonic equivalent is a note, interval, or key signature that is equivalent to some other note, interval, or key signature but named differently. (e.g., F sharp and G flat or B and C flat). Spelled differently

29

8va, 8vb, 15ma, 15mb

8va means to play up an octave than the note originally played, and 8vb means to play down an octave than the note originally played. 15ma means to play up two octaves than the original note and 15mb means to go down two octaves.