Vocabulary List 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocabulary List 2 Deck (21):
1

coated (v.)

to cover something with a thin layer of another thing

(e.g., Galvanized steel is steel coated with zinc. My shoes are coated with mud.)

2

traces (n.)

a very small amount of something

(e.g., Researchers found traces of drugs in most US dollar bills. Glass tableware contains traces of metals, such as lead)

3

extract (v.)

to remove something from another thing

(e.g., It can be expensive to extract metal from ore. The tumor was surgically extracted from the patient.)

4

fragile (adj.)

the opposite of tough; easily broken or damaged

(e.g., Human bones are fragile compared to steel. Flower stems are fragile.)

5

abrasion resistance (n.)

the ability to not be scratched

(e.g., Most expensive glasses have abrasion resistant material on them)

6

thermal stability (n.)

resistance to problems caused by temperature change

7

durable (adj.)

stays in a good condition for a long period of time

(e.g., BMWs are known for their durability because they still seem new after many years of use.)

8

lightweight (n.)

does not weigh much

(e.g., a lightweight jacket; a lightweight paper)

9

ideally (adv.)

= "for the best results"

(e.g., Ideally, each student should be taught individually. Ideally, you should exercise daily.)

10

obviously (adv.)

= "it's clear that"

(e.g., He obviously copied his paragraph from the Internet. There's obviously something wrong with him today.)

11

water resistant (n.)

the ability to not be damaged by water

(e.g., Some watches are water-resistant and will not break if water gets on them.)

12

corrode (n.)

to destroy metal because of chemical reactions

(e.g., Rainwater may corrode steel containers. Cars should be resistant to corrosion.)

13

brittle (adj.)

easily broken

(e.g., brittle glass, brittle bones)

14

elastic (adj.)

able to return to its original shape after being stretched

(e.g., elastic rubber band, elastic pants)

15

shock (n.)

a violent shake

(e.g., The building is made to withstand shocks from earthquakes.)

16

compound (n.)

a combination of materials

(e.g., chemical compounds [= a mixture of two or more substances])

17

alloy (n.)

a mixture of metals

(e.g., Bronze is an alloy that is made of copper and tin.)

18

exotic (adj.)

very different or strange

(e.g., exotic food; There are exotic fish deep in the sea.)

19

ferrous (adj.)

metals that contain iron

(e.g., Examples of ferrous metals are carbon steel and stainless steel. Examples of non-ferrous metals are copper and aluminum.)

20

How do you use "make up" to describe a mixture of chemicals?

Tin and copper make up bronze.

21

How do you use "made of" to describe a mixture of chemicals?

Bronze is made of tin and copper