Week 2-3 - Qi, Blood & Fluid Pattern ID Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Week 2-3 - Qi, Blood & Fluid Pattern ID Deck (33):
1

Qi, Blood, and Fluid Pattern ID is mostly concerned with what pathologies?

deficiency and stagnation

2

Describe pathologies of Qi

Deficiency
Stagnation
Collapse
Counterflow

3

Describe pathologies of Blood

Deficiency
Stasis
Bleeding

4

Bleeding can be caused by _________. Indicate systemic pathologies and local pathologies

Qi deficiency - systemic
Excess Heat - systemic
Blood stasis - local
Trauma - local

5

Describe pathologies of body fluids

Fluid deficiency
Dampness
Rheum
Phlegm

6

Describe fluid deficiency

internal dryness - constipation
usually in elderly

7

Rheum is often associated w/ what symptom?

ascites

8

Phlegm is categorized as either ______ or ______. Describe each type

visible - expelled/expectorated phlegm, masses, tumors, cysts
invisible - misting HT orifices - psychosis, coma, stroke - phlegm blocking channels in head

9

List causes of Qi deficiency and give examples

dietary impropriety - SP taxed when food is raw
- eating food that has lost qi after harvesting
- SP taxed when meals are irregular
- poor mental state while eating

taxation fatigue - excessive behavior depletes qi

10

How does Qi deficiency present in the pulse and tongue?

weak pulse
pale, swollen tongue, toothmarked, thin white coat

11

How does Qi deficiency present in the upper jiao?

soft, weak voice; spontaneous sweat; aversion to wind; frequent colds/flu/respiratory infections; weak, dry cough; shortness of breath; palpitations

12

How does Qi deficiency present in the middle jiao?

indigestion; bloating, distention after eating; poor appetite; tendency towards loose stool/diarrhea; possibly blood/pus in stool

13

How does Qi deficiency present in the lower jiao?

weak, sore low back/knees; frequent urination; urinary dribbling; incontinence; urinary blockage; premature ejaculation; spontaneous emissions; spontaneous/threatened miscarriage; excessive vaginal discharge

14

How does Qi deficiency affect menses?

shorter cycle - qi fails to hold blood in Chong Mai
longer menstrual bleeding > 7 days

15

Qi stagnation can be sub-divided into ______

systemic Qi stagnation - LV Qi stagnation
local Qi stagnation - pain mainly caused by trauma

16

List external and internal causes of systemic Qi stagnation

external - alcohol abuse, narcotics, statin drugs, excessive caffeine, greasy foods

internal - anger, stress, emotional upset

17

How does Qi stagnation present in the pulse and tongue?

wiry pulse
red tongue, peeled along the sides

18

How does Qi stagnation present?

headaches (temporal, crown @ Du 20); tension headache; tension/stiffness in neck, shoulders; distention/discomfort in ribside; tight chest; breast distention; plum pit qi; digestive issues triggered by stress - ST pain, nausea, acid reflux; SP - diarrhea, alternating constipation/diarrhea;
urinary hesitancy; PMS; insomnia; depression/anxiety

19

Qi collapse is caused by _______

longstanding severe Qi deficiency

20

How does Qi collapse present in the pulse and tongue?

very weak pulse
very pale, very swollen tongue, toothmarked

21

How does Qi collapse present?

fatigue, exhaustion; digestive issues - severe indigestion, bloating, distention; long-term chronic loose stool/diarrhea; other qi deficiency signs; one or more organs prolapsing (HT, ST, UB, uterus, hernia, vagina, anus)

22

List causes of blood deficiency

poor diet
taxation fatigue
chronic bleeding condition
history of febrile illness

23

Give examples of anemia that cause blood deficiency

excessive menstrual flow
peptic duodenal ulcers

24

Describe general blood deficiency signs/symptoms

dry, thin hair, loss of hair due to illness; dry skin; pale complexion; dry eyes; blurry vision; floaters; decline in visual acuity; impaired night vision; tight muscles; dry lips; dry mouth; thirst but no desire for cold

25

Describe the tongue and pulse in blood deficiency

thin pulse
pale, dry tongue

26

Describe signs/symptoms of HT blood deficiency

anxiety, panic attacks, phobias, insomnia - diffculty falling asleep, restless sleep, profuse, vivid dreaming

27

Describe menstruation in case of blood deficiency

long cycle > 33 days
short, scanty menstrual flow
headache, anxiety, eye twitch after period

28

Describe signs/symptoms of blood stasis

throbbing, boring severe pain, fixed location
varicose veins, spider angioma, fibroids

29

Describe pulse and tongue in blood stasis

choppy, rough pulse
purple tongue, dark distended SLV

30

Compare and contrast local and systemic bleeding

local - bleeding ulcer, gums; blood in stool
systemic - bruise easily, varied bleeding throughout body

31

Describe bleeding due to Qi deficiency

frequent bleeding, worse w/ fatigue, pale red blood

32

Describe bleeding due to heat

bright red bleeding, worse w/ heat, purple blood in severe heat

33

Describe bleeding due to stasis

ST ulcer - black, tarry stool