Week 3 Muscles And Bones And Joints Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Week 3 Muscles And Bones And Joints Deck (27):
1

Functions of skeletal

Support, function, movement, storage of calcium and phosphate haematoposis (red n white cells) fat store

2

Bone tissues?

Spongy bone internal
External compact bone

3

Structure of long bone

Epiphysis - ends of bones
Diaphysis- mid bone

4

Membrane associated with bone?

Endosteum - inside membrane
Periosteum - out side the bone

5

What is yellow bone marrow and red bone marrow

yellow - it's a fat store
Red is where white and red blood cells are made

6

Where and who would you find froth plates on

In the epiphysis and only young children

7

Sesamoid bones
Wormian bones

Sesamoid bones - bones that form tendons
Wormian bones - flat bones

8

Fractures six types what are they

Non displaced - inline
Displaced - out of line
Complete - straight through break
Incomplete- half way break
Closed - in skin still
compound - broken skin

9

Common fractures

Comminuted - brittle bones
Compressed - bone crushed
Green stick - one side break
Spiral - twisted bone (sports injury)

10

Why do we excersise ?

Strengthens muscles ligiments bones

11

Liagament
Tendant

Ligament bone to bone
Tendant bone to muscle

12

What makes bones hard ?

Phosphate and calcium

13

Vertebrae bones ?

Cervical 1-7
Thoracic 1-12
Lumbar 1-5
Sacral 1-5 fussed
Coxsix 1-4 fussed

14

Cartilage
Synovial fluid

1- between bones to stop friction
2 around the joints for protection

15

Define bursitis

Inflammation of the fluid filled sacks in joints

16

Protection of bones

Protein, calcium , liagments tenddnts muscels phosphate

17

Where are the following bones ?

Femur
Humerus
Tibia
Fibula
Radius
Ulna
Scapula
Clavicle
Patella
Vertebrae
Sternum

Femur - upper leg
Humerus - upper arm
Tibia - shine
Fibula - behind shin
Radius - to the thumb
Ulna - to the pinky
Scapula - shoulder
Clavicle - collar bone
Patella - knee cap
Vertebrae - back bone
Sternum - breast bone

18

Muscles
Deltoid
Gluteus maximus
Gluteus medius
Rectus feminist
Vastus lateralis

Deltoid - upper arm (injection )

Gluteus maximus - bottom

Gluteus medius - upper bum (hip)

Rectus femoris- mid upper thigh front

Vastus lateralis - upper right front thigh

19

Electromyography

Records muscle contractions

20

Imi sites

Deltoid
Gluteus maximus
Gluteus medius
Rectus femoris

21

Calcification refers to the

Deposition of calcium salts within a tissue

22

Cells that synthesize the organic components of the bone matrix are called

Osteoblasts

23

The most abundant mineral in the body is

Calcium

24

A recommended technique for administration of imis is?

Z technique

25

Chondroblasts produce

Cartilage matrix

26

Vastus lateralis ( side of thigh) is a site for ?

Intramuscular injections

27

Osteoclasts?

Responsible for resorption