em 1102 | emergency medical technician

This class was created by Brainscape user Harrison Romero. Visit their profile to learn more about the creator.

Decks in this class (40)

Chapter 5 | Medical Terminology
• The chain of human resources that forms the EMS system • How the public activates the EMS system • Your roles and responsibilities as an EMT • The process of EMS quality improvement
99  cards
Chapter 13 | Vital Signs and Monitoring
• How to obtain vital signs, including pulse, respirations, blood pressure, skin, temperature, and pupils • How to document vital signs on a prehospital care report • How to use various monitoring devices
131  cards
Chapter 6 | Anatomy and Physiology
The structure and function of major body systems
141  cards
Chapter 7 | Principles of Pathophysiology
• The cell, cellular metabolism, and results of the alteration of cellular metabolism • The cardiopulmonary system and its combined respiratory and cardiovascular functions • The respiratory system and the importance of oxygenation and ventilation • The cardiovascular system and the movement of blood • The principles of perfusion, hypoperfusion, and shock • Disrupted physiology of major body systems
45  cards
Chapter 3 | Lifting and Moving Patients
• How using body mechanics to lift and move patients can help prevent injury • When it is proper to move a patient and how to do so safely • The various devices used to immobilize, move, and carry patients
51  cards
Chapter 9 | Airway Management
• Physiology of the airway • Pathophysiology of the airway • How to recognize an adequate or an inadequate airway • How to open an airway • How to use airway adjuncts • Principles and techniques of suctioning
89  cards
Chapter 10 | Respiration and Artificial Ventilation
• Physiology and pathophysiology of the respiratory system • How to recognize adequate and inadequate breathing • Principles and techniques of positive pressure ventilation • Principles and techniques of oxygen administration
90  cards
Chapter 11 | Scene Size-Up
• Identifying hazards at a scene • Determining if a scene is safe to enter • Mechanisms of injury and how they relate to patient condition • Determining what additional assistance may be needed at a scene
38  cards
Chapter 12 | Primary Assessment
• Deciding on the approach to the primary assessment • Manual stabilization of the head and neck when necessary • The general impression • Assessment of mental status using the AVPU scale
41  cards
Chapter 14 | Principles of Assessment
• How examinations are conducted • History-taking techniques • Physical examination techniques • Body system examinations • Critical thinking concepts for the EMT
63  cards
Chapter 15 | The Secondary Assessment
• Components of the secondary assessment • Secondary assessment of the responsive medical patient • Secondary assessment of the unresponsive medical patient • Secondary assessment of the trauma patient with minor injury • Secondary assessment of the trauma patient with serious injury or multisystem trauma • Detailed physical exam
31  cards
Chapter 16 | Reassessment
• Observing trends during reassessment • Reassessment for stable and for unstable patients
11  cards
Chapter 4 | Medical, Legal, and Ethical Issues
• The scope of practice of an EMT • How a patient may consent to or refuse emergency care • The legal concepts of torts, negligence, and abandonment • What it means to have a duty to act • The responsibilities of an EMT at a crime scene
43  cards
Chapter 17 | Communication and Documentation
List communications systems utili...,
List parts of ems radio systems,
Fill in the blank radio communica...
16  cards
Chapter 2 | Well Being of an EMT
• Standard Precautions, or how to protect yourself from transmitted diseases • The kinds of stress caused by involvement in EMS and how they can affect you • The impact that dying patients can have on you and others • How to identify potential hazards and maintain scene safety
34  cards
Chapter 18 | General Pharmacology
• Which medications may be carried by the EMT • Which medications the EMT may help administer to patients • What to consider when administering any medication • The role of medical direction in medication administration • How the EMT may assist with IV therapy
133  cards
Chapter 19 | Respiratory Emergencies
• How to identify adequate breathing • How to identify inadequate breathing • How to identify and treat a patient with breathing difficulty • Use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) to relieve difficulty breathing • Use of a prescribed inhaler and how to assist a patient with one • Use of a prescribed small-volume nebulizer and how to assist a patient with one
121  cards
Chapter 23 | Allergic Reaction
• How to identify a patient experiencing an allergic reaction • Differences between a mild allergic reaction and anaphylaxis • How to treat a patient experiencing an allergic reaction • Who should be assisted with an epinephrine auto-injector
53  cards
Chapter 20 | Cardiac Emergencies
• Aspects of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) • Conditions that may lead to a cardiac emergency
95  cards
Chapter 21 | Resuscitation
• Cardiac arrest and the chain of survival • Management of a cardiac arrest patient • Use of an automated external defibrillator (AED) • Special considerations in AED use • Use of mechanical cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) devices
46  cards
Chapter 22 | Diabetic Emergencies and Altered Mental Status
• General approaches to assessing the patient with an altered mental status • Understanding the causes, assessment, and care of diabetes and various diabetic emergencies • Understanding the causes, assessment, and care of seizure disorders • Understanding the causes, assessment, and care of stroke • Understanding the causes, assessment, and care of dizziness and syncope
81  cards
Chapter 25 | Poisoning and Overdose Emergencies
• How to know if a patient has been poisoned • Assessment and care for ingested poisons • Assessment and care for inhaled poisons • Assessment and care for absorbed poisons • Types of injected poisons • Assessment and care for alcohol abuse • Assessment and care for substance abuse
82  cards
Chapter 24 | Infectious Disease and Sepsis
• Pathophysiology of infectious disease and sepsis • How infectious diseases spread • Recognition and management of patients with infectious diseases • Recognition and management of the possibly septic patient
62  cards
Chapter 27 | Behavioral Emergencies
• The nature and causes of behavioral and psychiatric emergencies • Emergency care for behavioral and psychiatric emergencies • Emergency care for potential or attempted suicide • Emergency care for aggressive or hostile patients • When and how to restrain a patient safely and effectively • Medical/legal considerations in behavioral and psychiatric emergencies
80  cards
Chapter 26 | Abdominal Emergencies
• Understanding the nature of abdominal pain or discomfort • Becoming familiar with abdominal conditions that may cause pain or discomfort • How to assess and care for patients with abdominal pain or discomfort
59  cards
Chapter 28 | Hematologic and Renal Emergencies
• Disorders of the hematologic system • Disorders of the renal system
65  cards
Chapter 29 | Bleeding and Shock
• Signs, symptoms, and care of a patient with shock • Recognizing hemorrhage • How to evaluate the severity of external bleeding • How to control external bleeding • Signs, symptoms, and care of a patient with internal bleeding
105  cards
Chapter 30 | Soft-Tissue Trauma
• Understanding closed wounds and emergency care for closed wounds • Understanding open wounds and emergency care for open wounds • Understanding burns and emergency care for burns • Understanding electrical injuries and emergency care for electrical injuries • How to dress and bandage wounds
110  cards
Chapter 31 | Chest and Abdominal Trauma
• Understanding chest injuries and emergency care for chest injuries • Understanding abdominal injuries and emergency care for abdominal injuries
68  cards
Chapter 32 | Musculoskeletal Trauma
• Knowledge of bones, muscles, and other elements of the musculoskeletal system • Knowledge of general guidelines for emergency care of musculoskeletal injuries • Purposes and general procedures for splinting • Assessment and care of specific injuries to the upper and lower extremities
101  cards
Chapter 37 | Special Challenges
• The variety of challenges that may be faced by patients with special needs • Types of disabilities and challenges patients may have • Special aspects of prehospital care for a patient with special challenges • Congenital and acquired diseases and conditions • Types of advanced medical devices patients may rely on • How to recognize and deal with cases of abuse and neglect
78  cards
Chapter 33 | Head, Neck, and Spine Trauma
• Understanding the anatomy of the nervous system, head, and spine • Understanding skull and brain injuries and emergency care for skull and brain injuries • Understanding wounds to the neck and emergency care for neck wounds • Understanding spine injuries and assessment and emergency care for spine injuries • Understanding spinal motion restriction issues and how to immobilize various types of patients with potential spine injury
77  cards
Chapter 34 | Multisystem Trauma
• How to balance the critical trauma patient’s need for prompt transport against the time needed to treat all of the patient’s injuries at the scene • How to determine the severity of the trauma patient’s condition, priority for transport, and appropriate transport destination • How to select the critical interventions to implement at the scene for a multiple-trauma patient • How to calculate a trauma score
28  cards
Chapter 35 | Environmental Emergencies
• Effects on the body of generalized hypothermia; assessment and care for hypothermia • Effects on the body of local cold injuries; assessment and care for local cold injuries • Effects on the body of exposure to heat; assessment and care for patients suffering from heat exposure • Signs, symptoms, and treatment for drowning and other water-related injuries • Signs, symptoms, and treatment for bites and stings • Signs, symptoms, and treatment for high-altitude illness
53  cards
Chapter 8 | Life Span Development
• The physiologic (physical) characteristics of different age groups from infancy through late adulthood • The psychosocial (mental and social) characteristics of different age groups from infancy through late adulthood
65  cards
Chapter 36 | OB/GYN Emergencies
• Anatomy and physiology of the female reproductive system • Physiologic changes in pregnancy • Care of the mother and baby during labor and delivery • Care of the neonate • Postdelivery care of the mother • Complications of labor and delivery • Emergencies in pregnancy • Gynecologic emergencies
128  cards
Chapter 38 | EMS Operations
• Phases of an ambulance call • Preparation for a call • Operating an ambulance • Transferring and transporting the patient • Transferring the patient to the emergency department staff • Terminating the call, replacing and exchanging equipment, and cleaning and disinfecting the unit and equipment • When and how to use air rescue
63  cards
Chapter 39 | Mass-Casualty Incidents
• How to identify and take appropriate action in a hazardous materials incident • How to identify a multiple-casualty incident • The Incident Command System • Triage considerations • Transportation and staging logistics • Psychological aspects of multiple-casualty incidents
70  cards
Chapter 41 | EMS Response to Terrorism
• Types of terrorism and examples of terrorist tactics and doctrine • How to identify the type of threat posed by a terrorist event • Use of time/distance/shielding for protection at a terrorist event • How to respond to and deal with threats from a terrorist event • Applying strategy, tactics, and countermeasures at a terrorist event • Self-protection and safety awareness at a terrorist event
68  cards
Chapter 40 | Highway Safety and Vehicle Extrication
• How to position emergency apparatus to create a safe work zone at a highway emergency • How to recognize and manage hazards at the highway rescue scene • How to stabilize a vehicle • How to gain access to the patient in a crashed vehicle • How to disentangle a patient from a crashed vehicle
56  cards

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em 1102 | emergency medical technician

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