09 Child Development Flashcards Preview

D2: 622 Pediatric Dentistry > 09 Child Development > Flashcards

Flashcards in 09 Child Development Deck (35):
1

The prenatal period consists of

Conception to birth

2

Infancy lasts from

Birth to 2 years

3

Childhood lasts from

2-10 (Girls)
2-12 Boys

4

Adolescence

10-18 Girls
12-20 Boys

5

What is growth?

A proportionate change in size

6

What is development

Increasing complexity and development

7

What is physical development

Changes in height
weight
sensory capacity
motor skills

8

What is asynchronous growth

body parts grow at their own rate and reach maturity indepenently but in a coordinated fashion

9

Head increases

2x

10

Trunk increases

3x

11

Arms increase

4x

12

Legs Increase

5x

13

Factors in growth

Genetics
Sex
Race
Maternal Size
SES
Nutristion
Endocrine

14

Girls ____ and ____ spurt before boys

height, weight

15

Multiple Births:

Smaller infant _____ and increased _______ delivery

weight
premature

16

Lack of thyroid:

Can replace thyroid and get normal _____ but you cannot improve ____

growth
IQ

17

Children who fall outside of _____ % of population should receive special attention

97

18

Evaluate any ______ changes in growth

unexpected

19

Scammon Curve:

Shows growth of _____ systems

It is ___ shaped with ____ growth in infancy and _____ growth during middle childhood. ______ growth during adolescence

tissue
S
rapid
steady
rapid

20

Neural tissue is completed by this age

6-7

21

Craniofacial lymphoid tissue is ______ % at age 5 and then _____

125
decreases

22

This is the measure by which an individual accumulates knowledge and then uses it to solve problems

Cognition

23

What are some indication of cognitive development

Curiosity
Language development
problem solving

24

Relatively permanent change in behavior that results from experience

learning

25

Unfolding patterns of behavior in a biologically determined, age related sequence

maturation

26

This language is intended to be understood by a listener

social speech

27

talking aloud to oneself with no intent to communicate with anyone else

private speech

28

By _____ grade most children have learned a ________ l but don't understand many ______

first
language
words

29

This is a person's style of approaching other people and situationss

temperment

30

_____ of children fit into one of three categories: _____, _______, or slow to ______ ______

2/3
easy
difficult
warm up

31

This type of child ha a happy temperment, regular biological rhythms, and a readiness to accept new experiences

easy

32

This child is irritable, has irregular bio rhythms, and intense responses to situations

difficult

33

This child has a mild temperment, is hesitant about accepting new experiences

slow to warm up

34

Fearfulness:

1. Scared when can't distinguish ______ from ______
2. Fear of Monsters and _______
3. Scared of ugly people at ages ____ to ____
4. Fear bodily harm and danger at ages _____ to ______
5. Underlying anxiety can come from _____, vivid ______, past experiences

1. pretend, reality
2. ghosts
3. 4-6
4. 10-12
5. TV, Imagination

35

Prevent and treat anxiety

practical methods of dealing with fear

systemic desensitization

modeling