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Flashcards in 1 Deck (49):
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drywall

A masonry wall built without mortar. Also, an interior wall or ceiling of gypsum wallboard construction.

1

electrolysis

The deteriorating reaction between dissimilar metals that are in contact in the presence of moisture. Also called galvanic action.

2

lumber

Wood that has been sawn into construction timbers.

3

grade MW (moderate weather)

A grade of brick used where moderate resistance to freezing is required.

4

matrix

The binding or cementing material in mortar, concrete, or terrazzo.

5

core test

A compression test of hardened concrete that had been cut from the structure.

6

concrete masonry unit (CMU)

Another term for concrete block.

7

patterned glass

Glass that has been textured or to which a pattern has been applied in order to obscure vision or create a decorative effect.

8

square

A measure of roofing surface area, equal to 100 SF.

9

ceramic tile

Small, flat tile units set on floors, walls, or ceilings to provide permanent, waterproof, durable, and easily-maintained finish surfaces.

10

shake

A lengthwise grain separation due to natural causes.

11

lock

A mechanical fastening device with a rectangular locking bolt that is projected manually or with a key.

12

capillary action

The tendency of water to move into small spaces, regardless of gravity.

13

header course

A masonry course in which the flat, short ends of the unit are exposed.

14

bleeding

The movement of water to the surface of freshly cast concrete.

15

alloy

A substance composed of two or more metals that have been intimately mixed.

16

lath

Wire mesh, gypsum lath, wood strips, and so on, which are used for the support and adhesion of plaster.

17

vapor barrier

An airtight layer used to prevent moisture from a warm interior from passing into and condensing within a cold wall or ceiling area.

18

swinging door

The most common type of door, generally hung on butts or hinges that are attached to the jambs or bucks.

19

pigment

The solid component of paint, consisting of finely ground material, which gives the paint its color.

20

hip

The exterior edge formed by the meeting of two adjacent sloping roof surfaces.

21

newel post

The vertical support that terminates a handrail at the head or foot of a stairway.

22

cant strip

A beveled strip used to avoid a sharp bend in roofing material.

23

transom

A horizontal element which separates a door from a window panel above, or the window above such a crosspiece. Also, a crossbar dividing a window horizontally.

24

caulking

A compound used to seal the joint between two materials or surfaces.

25

footing

A foundation that spreads the load over a large area of soil. It is also called a spread footing.

26

angle bead

A metal strip placed on corners before plastering to reinforce and protect the corner. Also referred to as a corner bead.

27

plate glass

A high quality glass that is ground and polished to produce a clear, undistorted sheet.

28

normal weight concrete

Concrete made with standard aggregates, usually weighing about 150 lbs/cf.

29

book matching

A way of placing successive veneers sliced from the same flitch so that alternating sheets appear as mirror images.

30

standing seam

A metal roofing seam in which adjacent sheets of material are turned up and folded over.

31

running bond

The masonry bond pattern in which the vertical head joints of adjacent courses lap.

32

welding

A method of joining two pieces of metal by heating their surfaces until they are molten or plastic, with or without applying pressure, and with or without the use of additional filler metal.

33

blind nailing

Driving nails in such a way that the nail heads are not visible.

34

light-gauge framing

Construction composed of light gauge steel or aluminum shapes, involving relatively short spans and light loads.

35

balloon framing

A method of framing wood stud walls, in which the studs are continuous for the full height of the building, which is usually two stories.

36

cement

A material which is able to unite nonadhesive substances into a solid mass. The cement most commonly used in concrete construction is Portland cement.

37

silt

A fine-grained soil, whose particles are larger than clay and smaller than sand.

38

millwork

Finished wood items, such as door and window frames, stairways, paneling, and so on, which are fabricated in a mill and delivered to a job site ready for installation.

39

window

A glazed opening used to admit light and/or air.

40

hydration

The chemical reaction that combines cement and water to form a hard solid mass.

41

scratch coat

The first coat of plaster, in three-coat plastering, which is scratched to provide a bond for the second (brown) coat.

42

ferrous metal

A metal in which iron is the principal ingredient.

43

bond beam

A horizontal reinforced masonry beam, usually built integrally with a masonry wall.

44

particle board

A manufactured panel of wood particles and binders that is bonded together under heat and pressure.

45

butt-joint glazing

Glass sheets with conventional head and still frames, but no vertical mullions. A clear silicone sealant forms the vertical joint between adjacent glass sheets.

46

accordion door

A door composed of individual leaves that are hinged together in pairs and slide along a single guide at the top and often at the bottom.

47

hardwood

The wood of various broad-leaved deciduous trees, such as Maple and Oak.

48

architectural concrete

Concrete that is exposed in the completed structure and contributes to its aesthetic effect.