1. Flashcards Preview

Anatomy 3402 - 2nd Half > 1. > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1. Deck (18):
1

Medial Ankle Ligaments

Anterior Tibiotalar
Tibionavicular
Tibiocalcaneal
Posterior tibiotalar

*Plantar Calcaneonavicular (does not cross joint)

2

Lateral ankle ligaments

Posterior Tibiofibular
Posterior Talofibular
Calcaneofibular
Anterior Talofibular
Anterior Tibiofibular

*smaller ligaments than medial ankle

3

Sprain vs Strain

Sprain = ligament

Strain = Muscle

4

Most commonly sprained ankle ligament?

Anterior Talofibular (inversion and plantar flexion)

5

Why is bruising seen on either side of ankle when inversion causes a sprain?

Anterior Talofibular Ligament Sprain
- motion causes crushed ligaments and blood vessels

6

Arch of the foot

long plantar ligament

7

ligaments on sole of the foot

long plantar ligament
plantar calcaneo-cuboid ligament (short plantar ligament)
plantar calcaneo-navicular ligament
*fibularis longus "tendon"

8

Ligaments across metatarsophalangeal joints and interphalangeal joints

collateral ligaments

9

Ligament forming the webbing of toes

deep transverse metatarsal ligaments
- between toes at proximal interphalngeal joints

10

Ligaments on intermetatarsal joints for tendons of long muscles to travel through

plantar ligaments
- flexor pully system
- keeps tendons in place

11

Fascia vs Ligament

Ligaments
- organized
- strong in one direction

Fascia
- disorganized
- strong in many directions

12

Saphenous Nerve origin and innervation

- branch of femoral nerve

- supplies skin of medial side of leg and foot

13

Tibial Nerve origin and innervation

- from sciatic nerves
- posterior compartment of leg and base of foot

14

Superficial Fibular Nerve origin and innervation

- common fibular nerve
- lateral compartment of leg

15

Deep Superficial Nerve origin and innervation

- common fibular nerve
- anterior compartment of leg

16

branches of sciatic nerve

tibial nerve (post. compartment)
common fibular (lat. and ant. compartment)

17

branches of popliteal artery

anterior tibial (ant. leg)
posterior tibial
fibular

18

anterior tibial artery travels with?

deep fibular nerve