1. Cardiac Deterioration Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 1. Cardiac Deterioration Deck (20):
1

What is creatinine kinase (ck)?

An enzyme expressed by various tissues and cell types - decreases more rapidly than troponin

2

Creatinine kinase: normal levels (male and female)

Male: 38 - 174, Female: 96 - 140

3

Creatinine kinase: onset

4 - 6 hours

4

Creatinine kinase: peaks

12 - 24 hours

5

Creatinine kinase: duration

3 - 5 days

6

Troponin (cTn): normal levels

undetectable

7

Troponin: onset

4 - 6 hours

8

Troponin: peaks

12 - 16 hours

9

Troponin: duration

up to 14 days

10

Sodium: normal values

134 - 145

11

Potassium: normal values

3.5 - 4.5 (potassium increases cardiac contraction)

12

Chloride: normal values

96 - 106

13

Glucose: normal values

4 - 6 mmol/L

14

Urea: normal values

2.5 - 7

15

Creatinine: normal values

0.5 - 1.2

16

What does MONA stand for?

Morphine, oxygen, nitrate, aspirin

17

What does the P wave represent?

(AF) atrial depolarisation

18

The QRS complex represents?

Contraction

19

The T wave represents?

Ventricular repolarisation

20

When diagnosing ECGs, what are the 3 questions to ask?

1. Is there a P wave?
2. Is it fast or slow?
3. Is it regular or irregular?