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Flashcards in 1 English Legal System Deck (13):

What is the definition of 'ignorantia juris non excusat'? (2)

Latin for 'ignorance of the law, excuses not.'

Legal principle whereby someone who is not aware of a law maybe escape the consequences for violating that law purely because they did not know that it existed.


What are the 3 main degrees of law?

1. Criminal
2. Civil
3. European


What are the 6 types of civil law?

1. Law of Contract
2. Law of Tort
3. Law relating to property
4. Law relating to persons
5. Copyright
6. Health and Safety


What are the 3 types of criminal law?

1. Behaviour against / that breaks society rules
2. Health and Safety
3. Listed Buildings


What are the 3 points required when making laws?

1. Law made and approved by parliament - LEGISLATION
2. Binding decision by judges - COMMON LAW or JUDICIAL PRECEDENT
3. All must take account of European Law


What is a legislation? (4)

1. Act of Parliament (statute)
2. Introduced by government
3. Recommended by law commission
4. Recommended y Royal Commission


What is delegated legislation? (3)

1. An enabling act eg The Building Act 1984
2. Orders in council (emergency laws in time of war etc)
3. Bye-laws - rules set by local authorities


What is statutory interpretation? (3)

1. Written word is not exact form of communication
2. Judges determine the 'intention of parliament' If not defined
3. Judicial precedent may also apply


What is the history of English Law? (4)

1. First written laws - 1066 Norman Conquest
2. English and Welsh Law based on a new system
3. Scottish law based on Roman Law
4. Judges gathered information from population and established common law


What were historical 'writs'? (3)

1. Precedents from past legal issues
2. Basis from which decisions were made
3. Starting of Case Law


What was the resulting law that came from the writ system? (3)

1. Law of Equity
2. About conscience, emotion
3. About discretion


What did equity and case law evolve into? (3)

1. Equity and common law (current)
2. Common Law - certainty
3. Equity - discretionary


Map out the Division of Courts of Law

1. Supreme Court
2. Court of Appeal
Criminal Division
Crown Court
Magistrates Court
Civil Division
County Court
3. High Court
Queen's Bench Division Administrative Court
Technology and Constuction Court (TCC)
Family Division
County Court
Chancery Division