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MCAT Organic Chemistry Review > 1 Nomenclature > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1 Nomenclature Deck (11)
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1

IUPAC naming steps

1.
longest carbon chain with highest-order functional group

2.
number the chain

3.
name the substituents

4.
assign number to each substituent

5.
complete the name

2

alkanes suffix

"-ane"

3

alkenes suffix

"-ene"

4

alkynes suffix

"-yne"

5

alcohols suffix

"-ol"

6

aldehydes suffix

"-al"

7

ketones suffix

"-one"

8

carboxylic acid suffix

"-oic acid"

9

ester suffix
(-OR)

"-oate"

10

amides suffix
(-N-)

"-amide"

11

anhydrides suffix
(-O-)

"-oic anhydride"