1. Photosynthesis, Respiration and Energy - ATP Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 1. Photosynthesis, Respiration and Energy - ATP Deck (9)
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1

What is the energy released from the glucose in respiration used to make?

ATP.

2

ATP structure?

Nucleotide base adenine.
Ribose sugar.
3 phosphate groups.
Carries energy around cell.

3

How is ATP synthesised?

Via a condensation reaction between ADP and inorganic phosphate using energy from energy releasing reaction. eg breakdown of glucose in respiration.
ATP Synthase.

4

How is ATP energy stored?

Chemical energy in phosphate bond.

5

ATP stores and releases a small manageable amount of energy, what does this mean?

No energy is wasted as heat.

6

ATP is a small, soluble molecule, what does this mean?

Easily transported around cell.

7

ATP is easily broken down, what does this mean?

Energy is easily released instantly and then its quickly remade.

8

How can ATP make other molecules more reactive?

By transferring one of its phosphate groups to them - phosphorylation.

9

ATP can't pass out of cell, what does this mean?

Cell always has immediate supply of energy.