Flashcards in 1. Photosynthesis, Respiration and Energy - ATP Deck (9)
What is the energy released from the glucose in respiration used to make?
Nucleotide base adenine.
3 phosphate groups.
Carries energy around cell.
How is ATP synthesised?
Via a condensation reaction between ADP and inorganic phosphate using energy from energy releasing reaction. eg breakdown of glucose in respiration.
How is ATP energy stored?
Chemical energy in phosphate bond.
ATP stores and releases a small manageable amount of energy, what does this mean?
No energy is wasted as heat.
ATP is a small, soluble molecule, what does this mean?
Easily transported around cell.
ATP is easily broken down, what does this mean?
Energy is easily released instantly and then its quickly remade.
How can ATP make other molecules more reactive?
By transferring one of its phosphate groups to them - phosphorylation.