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Flashcards in 1 SST CONTINENTS AND OCEANS Deck (66):
1

Name all the continents according to their size. 

Decreasing order

Asia 

Africa 

North America 

South America 

Antartica 

Europe 

Australia 

2

Define 

Continents 

The landmass of the earth surface is called a continent.  

 

3

How much area do the continents cover.

29%

4

Name the oceans according to their size. 

Decreasing order 

Pacific Ocean 

Atlantic Ocean 

Indian Ocean 

Arctic Ocean 

5

Define Oceans 

Oceans are large, continuous masses of saltwater.  

6

How much area do oceans cover? 

71%

7

What the smaller parts of the oceans called? 

Seas

Gulfs

Bays 

8

Name the oceans which is not connected to the part of Southern Ocean. 

Arctic Ocean 

9

Name the Oceans that are connected to the Southern Ocean, the water surrounding Antarctica. 

Pacific Ocean 

Atlantic Ocean 

Indian oceans

10

What is Merchant Navy? 

Organizations which own ships for carrying goods and people from one place to another. 

11

Tell 5 things about Asia. 

It is the largest continent. 

It is the home to the highest mountain ranges in the world. 

Mount Everest is located here. 

Himalayan glaciers contain about 10 of all the fresh water available in the world. 

India and China, the countries with the largest population in the world are located in Asia. 

12

Name the Oceans which surrounds Asia 

North - Arctic Ocean 

East - Pacific Ocean 

South - Indian Ocean 

West - ???

13

Name six rivers that originate from Himalayan Glaciers. 

1. Ganga (India)

2. Indus (India) 

3. Brahmaputra (India) 

4. Mekong (China)

5. Huang Ho (China) 

6. Yangtze Kiang (China) 

14

Tell 5 things about Africa 

1. Africa is the second-largest continent in the world. 

2. Sahara, the largest desert of the world is in Africa. 

3. The Nile, the longest river of the world is in Africa. 

4. IT is called at Cradle of Humanity. 

5. Mt Kilimanjaro in Tanzania is the highest mountain in Africa. 

15

Name the Oceans which surround Africa 

North - Mediterranean Sea 

West - Atlantic Ocean 

South - Atlantic Ocean 

East - Indian Ocean and Red Sea 

16

Name the highest Mountain Peak in Africa. 

Mt Kilimanjaro in Tanzania

17

Tell 4 things about North America 

1. It is the 3rd largest continent. 

2. USA and Canada are located here. 

3. High Mountains Rockies and huge lakes like Great lakes are located here. 

4. Yellowstone National Park is located here. 

 

18

Yellowstone National park is the world's first National Park. What are its two main attractions? 

1. Scenic Beauty 

2. Hot Springs 

19

Why is the Great lakes famous for? 

The great lakes are a collection of five lakes located in the eastern part of North Americal, on the border of US and Canada. 

They form the largest group of the freshwater lake on the earth. 

20

Name the first place in the world to be designated a National park. 

Yellowstone National Park in North America

21

Which is the fourth-largest continent? 

South America 

22

Name the world's largest and densest forests in the world and where is it located? 

The Amazon rainforests of South America.  

Only  tiny fraction of the living things has been identified - the rest are still waiting to be discovered. 

23

Which is the largest river in terms of the amount of water that flows in it. 

Amazon 

24

Which river contains one-fifth of all the river water in the world?

Amazon 

25

Tell 5 things about Amazon rainforests. 

1. Largest and densest forests in the world. 

2. It is the home to Large and diverse living creatures.

3. It is the largest river in terms of water that flows in it.

4. It contains one-fifth of all the river water in the world.

5. Only a fraction of living things in Amazon have been identified - the rest are still waiting to be discovered.  

26

Which is the first largest continent in the world? 

Antarctica 

27

There is no permanent human population on this continent. Name it. 

Antarctica 

28

Which is the driest continent in the world? 

Antarctica 

29

Antarctica is home to a large number of animals.  Name them. 

Seals 

Penguins 

Seabirds

Whales 

30

_______ is the largest source of freshwater on Earth. 

Antarctica 

31

Which is the sixth largest continent in size? 

Europe 

32

The countries in Europe are so small that a river flows through 12 countries in its 3000 km Journey.

Name the river  

Denube 

33

The Mediterranean Sea is in the _______ of Europe. 

 

(East/West/South/North) 

South 

34

Name the three continents that meet in the region of the Mediterranean Sea. 

Asia

Africa 
Europe 

35

Which is the smallest continent in the world? 

Australia 

36

Name an Island Continent country. 

Australia 

37

What are the two main striking features of Australia? 

1. The Great Barrier Reef 

2. The Great Australian Desert. 

38

Where is the largest coral reef on earth located? 

Australia 

39

What is a Coral Reef? 

A coral reef is a warm, clear, shallow oceanic region that is rich in life.  The structure of a reef is formed from coral polyps, tiny animals that live in colonies.  When coral polyps die, they leave behind a hard stony and branching structure.  It provides shelter for many animals. 

40

What is Great Australian Outback?

Most of the Australian peoples live in the South-Western and South-Eastern tips of the continent where the climate is mild.

The remaining part of the continent is mostly a dry, arid desert known as the Great Australian outback. 

41

What the tall mountain ranges found on the ocean beds are called? 

Ridges 

42

What the deep holes on the ocean beds are called? 

Trenches 

43

Which is the largest Ocean? 

Pacific Ocean 

44

How can you compare the area of the Pacific Ocean with the landmass? 

The Pacific Ocean covers more of the earth surface than all the dry land put together. 

45

Name the Continents couched by the Pacific Ocean. 

All the Continents except Europe.

46

Where is the deepest trench on Earth Located? 

Mariana trench is the deepest trench on Earth.  

It is located in the Pacific Ocean in the Mariana Island. 

47

Which is the second-largest ocean of the world?

Atlantic Ocean 

48

What is the Mid-Atlantic Ridge? 

A long undersea mountain range that lies beneath the middle of the Atlantic. 

At certain places, it reaches above sea level to form Islands. 

49

Which Ocean produces much of the world's total fish population? 

Atlantic 

50

Which Ocean has large deposits of petroleum, natural gas, and coal?

Atlantic Ocean 

51

Which is the 3rd largest ocean of the world? 

The Indian ocean. 

52

Which is the 2nd longest trench in the world and where is it located? 

The Java Trench in the Indian Ocean. 

53

Which of the following ocean is warmer? 

Pacific Ocean 

Indian Ocean 

Atlantic Ocean 

The Indian ocean 

54

Why the Indian Ocean has certain kinds of fish that are not found anywhere? 

Indian ocean is warmer, as a result, certain kind of fish are found here only.

55

Which is the smallest ocean? 

Arctic Ocean 

56

The North Pole is located in which ocean? 

Arctic Ocean 

57

The climate of which region is among the harshest and coldest in the world? 

Arctic Ocean 

58

Eurasia is a combined term used for which two continents? 

Europe and Asia 

59

In which Continent is Mt McKinley Alaska, the highest point located. 

North America 

60

Define "Gulf" 

A large area of sea that is partly surrounded by land. 

61

Define "Bay"

A part of the sea, or of a large lake, partly boarded by a wide curve of the land. 

62

Define "Hot Spring"

A place from where hot water come out from the ground naturally. 

63

The largest desert in the world is __________. 

Sahara 

64

Arabia sea and Bay of Bengal are parts of the Indian Ocean.

 

True or False 

True 

65

Amazon river is in Africa.

 

True or Falses 

False 

66