1000ft Nose, Oropharynx, and Throat Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 1000ft Nose, Oropharynx, and Throat Deck (17)
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1
Q

Can you x-ray the nose?

A

No, if concerned for orbit structures or sinuses need to obtain CT

2
Q

What cell type produces mucous?

A

Goblet Cells

3
Q

Why is it clinically concerning when there is changes to the septum in relation to the thinness of the septum?

A

Houses vasculature and mucus, can easily become necrotic when damaged

4
Q

Where is the most common location for a nose bleed?

A

Kiesselbach’s Plexus, anterior nasal bleed

5
Q

What glands produce mucus?

A

Bowmans glands

6
Q

Where does initial smell sensation occur?

A

Medial olfactory area just anterior to the hypothalamus

7
Q

Why are the taste buds raised?

A

Creates friction and aids in digestion

8
Q

We can sense hundred of flavors due to the combo of what five tastes?

A

Sour
Salty
Sweet
Bitter
Umami

9
Q

The taste of Umami allows us to taste what?

A

Protein flavor high in L-glutamate such as meats, aged cheese

10
Q

What is the most sensitive taste and why?

A

Bitter, for protection against chemicals

11
Q

Are there taste buds on the epiglottis?

A

Yes

12
Q

What cranial nerve is responsible for a majority of taste?

A

CN 7

13
Q

what three cranial nerves carry gustatory information to the brain?

A

Facial Nerve (7)
Glossopharyngeal (9)
Vagus (10)

14
Q

What tissue type makes up the tonsils?

A

Lymphoid Tissue (have T and B cells)

15
Q

Where are the palatine tonsils located?

A

Between the arches (palatoglossal and palatopharyngeal)

16
Q

Where are the pharyngeal tonsils (adenoids) located?

A

Posterior to the nasopharynx, attached to the sphenoid

17
Q

Saliva is produced by what cells?

A

Acinar cells