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CD2201- Mod 6 > peripheral > Flashcards

Flashcards in peripheral Deck (19)
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1
Q

What does the a wave represent

A

R atrial contraction

2
Q

What does the x decent represnt

A

R atrial relaxion into verntricular contraction

3
Q

what does the v wave represent

A

R atrium fills

4
Q

What does the y represent

A

occurs as blood flows into the r ventricle

5
Q

PAD symtoms

A
  • fatigue aching numbness pain that limits walking
  • ed
  • poor/non healing wounds
  • pain at rest in legs but disappears w movement
  • abdominal pain post meals
  • any first degree relatives with AAA
6
Q

Venous problem symptoms

A

Swelling in LL
Swollen, red, tender veins
-ulcers (around maleoli)
-thickened skin

7
Q

What represent true claudication

A

normal abi at rest and will drop w exercie

8
Q

S1 (where more loud)

A

closure of mitral + tricuspid

apex

9
Q

S2 (where more loud)

A

Closure of aortic/ pulmonic valves

-louder at base

10
Q

S3 (where)

A

Ventricular gallop

Apex for LV, 4th icsfor RV

11
Q

S4 *where(

A

Atrial gallop

Apex and L sternal border

12
Q

Ejection click (where)

A

Aortic valve stenois

2nd r ics

13
Q

Oppening snap (where

A

Mitral/ tricuspid valve stenosis

Apex, L sternal border

14
Q

Innocent/physiological murmur- when, best heard where, intensity

A
Mid systolic (bw s1-2)
2nd-4th ics no radiation
intensity 1-2
15
Q

Mitral regurgitation- when, where, radiation, associated w what

A

all thru systolic
Best heard at apex
radiates to axilla
-associated w lat displaced apical impulse

16
Q

Aortic stensosis- when, sound, where, radiation, associated w what

A

mid systolic
-harsh creshendo- decrescendo
-right 2, 3rd ICS
Radiates to caotid arteries, left sternal border, apex

Narrow pulse pressue

17
Q

Aortic regurgitation, when, sound, where, pitch, radiation, associated w what

A

early diasolic begins at s2
Decresendi into mid late diastole
2nd-4th intercostal
radiates to apex and right sternal border

bounding/ wide pulse (waterhammer)

18
Q

Mitral stenosis- when, sound, pos

A

Early to end of diastole begining with OS
decresendo to mid diastole than crescendo till s1
Best heard at apex w pt in left lat decubitus

19
Q

When is pericardial friction rub heard, pos, sound

A

During ventricular systol, vendricular and atrial diastol
scratchy, high pitched
best when leaning forward and expired