1.09 Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

WGU - Critical Thinking and Logic – C168 > 1.09 Vocabulary > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1.09 Vocabulary Deck (13)
Loading flashcards...
1

The tendency to view everything in relationship to oneself and to regard one's own opinions, values, or interests as most important.

Egocentrism

2

The commitment to consider all relevant opinions equally without regard to one's own sentiments or selfish interests.

Fair-mindedness

3

Flaws or errors in reasoning which, when found in the premise of an argument, invalidate its conclusion.

Fallacies

4

Fear of ideas or viewpoints that do not conform to one's own. Term used by Paul and Elder.

Intellectual cowardice

5

The act of routinely inhabiting the perspectives of others in order to genuinely understand them. Term used by Paul and Elder.

Intellectual empathy

6

Openness to the possibility that one's beliefs are mistaken and a willingness to reevaluate them in the face of new evidence or persuasive counterarguments. Term used by Paul and Elder.

Intellectual humility

7

The act of working one's way through intellectual complexities despite frustrations inherent in doing so. Term used by Paul and Elder.

Intellectual perseverance

8

Another term for critical thinking. It is first-order thinking (or ordinary thinking) that is consciously realized (i.e., analyzed, assessed, and improved). Term used by Paul and Elder.

Second-order thinking

9

The assumption that one's own social group is inherently superior to all others.

Sociocentrism

10

The ability to win an argument regardless of flaws in its reasoning.

Sophistry

11

A fixed or oversimplified conception of a person, group, or idea.

Stereotype

12

Thinking that uses critical thinking skills to evaluate all beliefs, especially one's own, and that pursues what is intellectually fair and just.

Strong-sense critical thinking

13

Thinking that does not consider counter viewpoints, that lacks fair-mindedness and that uses critical thinking skills simply to defend current beliefs.

Weak-sense critical thinking