History END OF YEAR EXAM Revision Flashcards Preview

Year 9 End Of Year Exam Revision > History END OF YEAR EXAM Revision > Flashcards

Flashcards in History END OF YEAR EXAM Revision Deck (49)
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1
Q

Armistice

A

An agreement to stop fighting

2
Q

Blitz

A

German bombing campaign in 1941

3
Q

Civil defence

A

The protection of civilians during a war

4
Q

Home front

A

The civilian population contributing to the war effort

5
Q

Imperialism

A

Building up of empires

6
Q

Militarism

A

Building up of armies

7
Q

Welfare state

A

State that protects and promotes the economic and social well-being of its citizens

8
Q

Weapons used 1000 years ago

A

Pikes, swords, shields, bows

9
Q

2 ways war has changed in the last 1000 years

A

Weapons used, amount of countries/groups involved

10
Q

Countries in the triple entente WW1

A

UK, France, Russia

11
Q

Which countries were in the triple alliance WW1

A

Germany, Austro-Hungary, Ottoman Empire

12
Q

When was the scramble of Africa

A

1700s

13
Q

Which country switched sides in WW1

A

Italy

14
Q

Who spent the most on their military WW1

A

Russia

15
Q

The Schlieffen plan

A

Attack France then Russia to avoid fighting on two fronts

16
Q

Why did the Schlieffen plan fail

A

Belgium fought better than Germany expected, Belgium flooded areas to slow down Germany, Russia mobilised their troops quicker than expected

17
Q

New weapons of WW1

A

Machine gun, grenade, poison gas, tanks, flamethrowers

18
Q

Key Battles WW1

A

Mattel of Marne, Battle of the Somme, Battle of Gallipoli, Brusilov Offensive

19
Q

Where did Britain get many of their soldiers in WW1

A

Commonwealth troops

20
Q

Largest naval battle of WW1

A

Battle of Jutland

21
Q

Women before 1914

A

No vote, no MPs, stayed at home, looked after children, ‘owned’ by their husbands

22
Q

Jobs women gained after WW1

A

Police officers, working in munitions, mining

23
Q

Why did Germany lose WW1

A

America joining the war, failure of the Schlieffen plan, lost alllies

24
Q

When was the Russian revolution

A

1917

25
Q

What did the treaty of Versailles cause Germany to lose

A

Money, Land, Army size, 50% of their steel industry

26
Q

When did WW1 end?

A

11:00 11/11/1918

27
Q

Who was declared responsible for WW1

A

Germany

28
Q

What size army was Germany allowed to have after WW1?

A

10,000 troops

29
Q

What caused the Nazi party to come to power?

A

Economic depression, lack of jobs, Hitler’s promise of revenge

30
Q

Operation Barborosa

A

Nazi invasion of the USSR

31
Q

Blitzkrieg

A

Lightning war

32
Q

Operation Pied Piper

A

Evacuation of 3.1million children from cities across Britain

33
Q

When was the Battle of Midway

A

1942

34
Q

What event brought the USA into WW2

A

Bombing of Pearl Harbour

35
Q

4 rules for war crimes

A

Cannot attack civilians, cannot torture prisoners of war, medical workers must always be allowed to do their job (cannot be attacked), Cannot use weapons of mass destruction

36
Q

When was the ‘Phoney War’

A

Sept 1939 - May 1940

37
Q

Primary source

A

Evidence from the time of the event

38
Q

Secondary source

A

Evidence from after the event

39
Q

Where were the two Atomic Bombs dropped

A

Hiroshima, Nagasaki

40
Q

3 reasons why the US dropped the atomic bombs

A

To end the war quickly, testing the bombs, to intimidate the USSR

41
Q

Effects of the atomic bombs

A

Cancers, radiation sickness, buildings destroyed, extreme cost of repair

42
Q

Sir William Beveridge’s Five Giants of poverty

A

Want, Ignorance, Disease, Squalor, Idleness

43
Q

Why did Labour win in the 1945 general election

A

Churchill was seen as a ‘man of war’ , Labour promised a better future

44
Q

Where were Jews sent to by the Nazis

A

Death camps, Labour camps, Euthanasia centres

45
Q

Kristalnacht

A

Night of the broken glass

46
Q

When were the death camps introduced

A

1941

47
Q

Impacts of Kristalnacht

A

Deaths, damage to shops, burnt synagogues

48
Q

Examples of Jewish resistance to the Holocaust

A

Gathered weapons, attacked police, rescued Jews from concentration camps

49
Q

Einsatzgruppen

A

Squads of people who were responsible for the mass killing of Jews during the holocaust