12) past and future tenses Flashcards Preview

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1

passe compose

compound past

most common past tense in french

2

two parts of passe compose?

auxiliary verb - normally avoir, can be etre

past participle - past tense of the verb

i'm eating (present continous)
i have eaten (past perfect)
have = aux verb
eaten = past participle

3

-ir verbs? eg finir

drop -ir, replace with i

finir becomes fini

4

-er verbs? eg manger

drop -er, replace with e (accented e, accent to 1 pm)

manger become mange (accented e)

5

-re verbs? eg vendre

drop -re, replace with u

vendre becomes vendu

6

to form passe compose?
1- aux verb?
2- past participle

1- conjugate aux verb normally avoir to the person speaking
2- get the past participle of the verb

7

i have eaten

j'ai mange (accented e)

8

he has sold the strawberries

il a vendu les fraises

9

when to use etre as opposed to avoir?

DR. and MRS VANDERTRAMP (starting letter of verbs)

when using intransitive verbs which indicate either motion (going somewhere) or a change of state (changing in some essential way), you use etre as your aux verb

10

to become something

devenir

11

to enter something again

rentrer

12

to go up something

monter

13

to stay

rester

14

to leave, exit or go out

sortir

15

to come

venir

16

to go somewhere

aller

17

to be born to somebody

naitre

18

to go down something or descend

descendre

19

to enter into something

entrer

20

to return to something

retourner

21

to fall down or trip

tomber

22

to return to something or come back

revenir

23

to arrive to/ at something

arriver

24

to die

mourir

25

to leave somewhere

partir

26

he left

il est venu

27

she left

elle est venue

28

they left

ils sont venus

29

when using avoir as the aux verb?

the subject and the participle need not agree

30

when using etre as the aux verb?

the subject and the participle must agree

31

imparfait/imperfect past tense - refers to?

ongoing event or state in the past
eg: i was happy or i was young
or a repeated event eg: i used to watch

32

-er verbs. imparfat?

drop the ending and add
-ais
-ais
-ait
-ions
-iez
-aient

33

-re verbs. imparfait?

more complicated and can slightly change
prendre = je prenais
croire = je croyais
dire = je disais

34

-ir verbs of 3rd group. imparfait?

same as -er verbs
-ais
-ais
-ait
-ions
-iez
-aient

35

-ir verbs of 2nd group. imparfait?

do the same as 3rd group but add -iss before it
finir = je finissais
grandir = je grandissais

36

when i was young, i would play often

quand j'etais jeune, je jouais souvent

37

when to use imperfect over passe compose?

1- actions or states which occurred often and not just once
2- description of either emotional or physical states
3- any states or actions where the duration is ongoing but unknown
4- used alongisde passe compose in order to give more depth or information
5- polite suggestion and wishes
6- as part of a conditional clause

38

could you help me? (tu)

pourrais-tu m'aider?

39

future proche/ close future - meaning?

events that will most certainly happen

40

how to create future proche?

combine aller conjugated to the person alongside the infinitive of the verb to be carried out in the near future

subject + aller + infinitive verb

41

infinitive verb meaning?

any verb that is preceded by the word 'to' is an infinitive verb

42

i'm going to go shopping

je vais faire les magasins

43

they're going to go play basketball

ils vont jouer au basket

44

are you going to the bookstore tomorrow? - tu

vas-tu aller a la librarire demain ?

45

futur simple/ simple future tense ?

implies something will happen at some point in the future

46

how to form futur simple ?

take the entire infinitive of a verb as the stem and then add
-ai
-as
-a
-ons
-ez
-ont

47

how to form futur simple with -re verb?

remove the final -e then add as normal for futur simple

48

etre and avoir futur simple ?

these have future stems of ser- and aur- respectively

49

chanter (to sing) futur simple ?

je chanterai - (shahn-teh-reh)
tu chanteras - (same)
il/elle/on chantera (same)
nous chanterons (shahn-teh-rohn)
vous chaterz (shahn-teh-rey)
ils/elles chanteront (shahn-teh-rohn)