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Flashcards in Homicide and Murder Deck (51)
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1
Q

Criminal Code of Canada Homicide?

A
  • ## a person commits this when they directly or indirectly by any means cause the death of another human being
2
Q

Culpable Homicide?

A

-death is caused by an unlawful act and criminal negligence ( carelessness)

3
Q

Non-culpable Homicide?

A
  • self defence, significant MD ( hard to prove though)

L> in other wards not to be blamed for the death

4
Q

Murder?

A

unlawful, planned taking of someones life

5
Q

1st Degree Murder?

A
  • a lot of forethought
6
Q

2nd Degree Murder?

A
  • not as premeditated, in the moment…emotional etc
7
Q

Homicide examples?(umbrella term)(5)

A
  • acceleration of death, negligence of care, death via treating injury, infanticide - omission: letting go, Commission : active killing, manslaughter
8
Q

Most homicides are ? (3)

A
  • not premeditated, committed by someone known to the victim, single-victim incidents
9
Q

Gang related homicides have ____. In 1993 ___ homicides classified as gang related occurred. Ex: Bystander killed, late payment etc. It peaked in 2008 with ___ gang related killings. In 2010 it went down to ___.

A
  • increased, 13, 138, 94
10
Q

What province has the largest gang related activity?

What province has recently had an increase in gang homicides.

A
  • saskatchewan, Winnipeg
11
Q

The most common homicide is shooting at __%. With stabbing, beating, strangulation: __% there is a known relationship between the victim and perpetrator.

A
  • 30%

- 83% (fairly stable for 10 years)

12
Q

In 2003, __% of homicides where single victims.

A

96%

13
Q

__% those charged with homicide consumed a substance at the time of crime. __% victims with substance intake at the time of the homicide.

A
  • 70

- 60

14
Q

Homicide rates by province based on victims:
-In 2010 what two provinces increased?
-What city in Ontario increased in homicide rates?
- What 3 provinces were fairly stable and lower than other places.
L> judging by these 3 what can you infer on rates and cities?

A
  • NB and NS
  • Thunderbay
  • Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver
  • homicide is not restricted to big cities…
15
Q

Holmes and Holmes (1998) definition of mass murder?

  • amount killed, location, time frame?
  • cooling off?
  • how are they caught etc? (3)
A
  • killing 3+ people at one time in one place
  • killing people over the course of a few minutes or hours, with no cooling off period
  • almost always arrested, shot by police or commit suicide
16
Q

Some estimate that mass murderers collectively claim __-__ people a year in the US.

A

150-200

17
Q

Mass murder over time?

  • how many killings since1900?
  • trends?
A
  • 909
  • Mass murder and homicide are similar in trends
  • 1940: after war, more family, jobs, home ownership, education went up, murder and homicide went down!
  • 1966: big mass murder spike
  • downward spike since 1990
18
Q

Average Death toll?

A

remained constant to about 4-6 from 1900-99

19
Q

Average wounded?

A

increased over time

20
Q

Weapon type:
Gun
other
Fire

A
  • 74% 1990-99
  • 14%
  • 12%
21
Q

Victim - offender Relationship: 1990-99
Family
Stranger
Acquaintance

A
  • 39%
  • 24%
  • 37%
22
Q

Public Location ?

A

17-40%

23
Q

Public Shooting?

A

8-15% (2012 bad year for workplace)

24
Q

Average Age??
1900?
1940 and up?

A
  • 38-43 years old

- decreasing to 20’s

25
Q

Characteristics of a Mass Murder?
Katsavdakis, Meloy and White (2011) and Duwe(2004)
(7)

A
  • triggering event
  • intentionally plan and prepare for assault
  • methodically kill as many individuals as possible
  • do not threaten beforehand
  • presence of psychotic disorder (paranoia)
  • warrior mentality
  • higher chance of suicide
26
Q

Typologies of Mass Murder ( Holmes and Holmes, 1992)

5

A
  1. Family annihilator
  2. Pseudo-commando or barricaded sniper
  3. set and run killer
  4. Disciple killers
  5. disgruntled worker killers
27
Q

Pseudo-commando or Barricaded sniper ?

A
  • stockpiler of guns etc….carefully planned attack
  • lash out at world which is not right in some way
  • victims usually random
  • can be geographically mobile
28
Q

Set and run killer?

A
  • motivated to go down in infamy

- tend to what to be away from the actually incident when it occurs ..aka not looking for suicide..keep anonymous

29
Q

Disciple killers ?

A
  • follows commands of a charismatic leader..
  • want to please leader
  • random victims or symbolic meaning known only to leader..
  • usually committed near where the leader is
30
Q

Disgruntled worker killer?

A
  • former employee or someone about to lose job
  • sometimes medical or mental disability caused to leave work
  • move around workplace with a target in mind but almost always kill randomly and indiscriminality as they wander
  • lashing out at some perceived un fairness
31
Q
Spree Murders? (special cases) 
definition? 
- victim amount?
-locations ?
-cooling off?
- planed or not?
A

a series of murders connected to one event committed over a period of hours or days

  • several victims
  • many kill in one or more locations
  • without cooling off
  • lack planning and tend to end up in stand off
32
Q

Worst Spree Killer is? in 1982

  • killed how many? wounded?
  • description of event?
  • time frame?
  • end game?
A

Woo Bum-Kon

  • 57, 35
  • walked house to house used his position as a police officer to gain entry and shot the victims or killed the entire family with a grenade
  • 8 hours, attacked five villages
  • killed himself
33
Q
Anders Behring Brevik? 
- killed 77 people 
injured hundreds (20110
description: 
-planned 
-trigger event
-against society 
- general location
- warrior mentality 
MASS OR SPREE KILLER?
A
  • Mass murderer

L> Pseudo commando or barricaded sniper

34
Q

Holmes and Holmes Definition of a Serial Murder?

A
  • killing of three or more people over a period of more than 30 days with a significant cooling off period between killings…
35
Q

There are ~__ serial killers that kill 200 people per year in the US. In the US active at any time they have __% of the worlds serial killers.

A

35

85

36
Q
Ted Bundy ( Serial Killer) US
John Wayne Gacy (serial Killer) US
A
  • 30 homicides, 1974-78, necrophile, 7 states, rapist

- killer clown, rapist, killer, 33 teenage boys, 1972-78, Chicago, buried 27 in crawl space of house.

37
Q

Robert Pickton? (Canadian Serial killer )

A
  • 1998-2001
  • prostitutes
  • pig farm
  • strangle/ shoot, dismember them
  • 60+ accused for
  • charged with 27, convicted for 6 2nd degree
  • fed remains to pigs
38
Q

Common Characteristics of Serial Murderers Behaviour? (7)

A
  • crime is repetitive
  • one on one murder
  • often unknown relationship with victim( those that won’t be missed)
  • motivated by some driving force
  • take precautions to avoid being caught
  • like to taunt police
  • anger towards a type of victim, revenge or message to society
39
Q

Most vulnerable to serial murders?

A
  • female, uni students, elderly,
40
Q

Visionary Killers? ( Holmes and DeBurger)

A

inner voice that orders them to kill - psychotic

41
Q

Mission orientated killer? Holmes and DeBurger)

A

their job to punish / save certain victims ex: prostitutes

42
Q

Hedonistic killer? (Holmes and DeBurger)

A

gain/express power over others…thrill out of it/high…sexual gratification

43
Q

Power or Control Orientated killer Holmes and DeBurger)

A

dominate victims, rape, assault, to express dominance, lust for power and control

44
Q

Profile of a serial killer??(3)

A
  • usually white and 25-30 yrs old
  • from various SES groups, occupations but education level is usually very low
  • usually stranger to the victim
45
Q
Characteristics of a Serial Killer: 
- mean age at first murder? 
L> Caucasian, African American?
-History, non or previous?
- Average # of victims 
- Victim is usually a ?
-career length?
-work alone or in groups?
-Geographically stable vs transient 
- sexual activity stats with victim?
A
  • 26 years old, 81% white, 16% african american
  • previous criminal history
  • 8
  • stranger (87%)
  • 4.1 years
  • alone
  • stable : same radius/ area, transient: area to area..higher number of victims and career length
  • 50%
46
Q

What percentage of serial killers have a partner?

What percent had a career of a year or less

A

16%

1/2

47
Q

Serial killers common choice for murder and geo situation?

A

hands on, stable not transient

48
Q

Female Serial Killers??

- Kelleher and Kelleher ( 1998)

A
  • insufficient data
  • argue female serial killers are more successful, careful, precise, methodological and quiet in committing their crimes,
  • as lethal as make serial killers
49
Q

Aileen Wuornos?

A
  • serial killer
    -7 men
    L> argued they did or tried to rape her
    -executed in 2002
  • first female serial killer caught ever
50
Q

Female Serial killers methods are hard to detect…ex?

A
  • poison…
51
Q

Internet Black Widow?

A
  • NS
  • 4 men
  • 78 years old
  • driven via monitory gain