2.1 Rock Cycle Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2.1 Rock Cycle Deck (13):
1

A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals or organic matter

Rock

2

The series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from one type to another, is destroyed, and forms again by geological processes.

Rock Cycle

3

The process by which wind, water, ice, or gravity transports soil and sediments from one location to another.

Erosion

4

The process in which material is laid down

Deposition

5

The chemical make up of a rock; Describes either the minerals or other materials in the rock

Composition

6

The quality of a rock that is based on sizes, shapes, and positions of a rock's grains

Texture

7

The process in which water, wind, ice, and heat break down a rock

Weathering

8

The movement in within the Earth that causes rocks inside the Earth to be moved to the Earth's surface

Uplift

9

Grains of sand and other sediment are eroded from hills and mountains and wash down a river or ocean. Over time, the sediment forms thick layers on the ocean floor. Eventually, the grains of sediment are compacted and cemented to form _____________

Sedimentary Rock

10

When intense pressure and heat squeeze sedimentary rock to the surface, and it cools.

Metamorphic Rock

11

The hot liquid that forms when rock partially or completely melts.

Magma

12

Magma rises to Earth's crust, cools and sulfides to create _______

Igneous Rock

13

Uplift and erosion expose the igneous rock at Earth's surface. The igneous rock then weathers and wears away into grains of sand and clay. These grains are called ______

Sediment