29 Dictatorships and the second world war KEY TERMS Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 29 Dictatorships and the second world war KEY TERMS Deck (12):
1

five year plan

1928 Stalin launched this to transform Soviet society along socialist lines

2

New Economic Police (NEP)

March 1921 Lenin re established limited economic freedom in an attempt to rebuild agriculture and industry

3

collectivization

the forcible consolidation of individual peasant farms into large, state-controlled enterprises

4

kulaks

the better off peasants, any peasant opposed to the new system

5

Black Shirts

Mussolini's growing private army

6

Lateran Agreement

Mussolini drew increasing support from the Catholic Church in 1929; recognized the Vatican as a tiny independent state

7

NAzism

most influential were extreme nationalism and racism

8

Karl Lueger

Vienna's mayor succeeded in showing Hitler the enormous potential of anticapitalist and anti liberal propaganda

9

Enabling Act

gave Hitler absolute dictatorial power for four years

10

appeasement

Britain adopted this policy, granting Hitler everything he could reasonably want in order to avoid war

11

Blitzkrieg

"lightning war", Hitler's armies crushed Poland in four weeks.

12

New Order

based on Nazi totalitarianism: racial imperialism. Nordic people -Dutch, Norwegians, Danes- received preferential treatment