Flashcards in 2nd Semester Deck (23):
Where does conception usually occur?
Far end of the fallopian tube
How many days does it typically take for the baby to move from the point of conception to the place of implantation?
Implantation begins between days 6 – 9 post-conception when the blastocyst sinks into the mother’s endometrium.
Where does implantation usually occur?
The Uterus. Anywhere else and its an ectopic pregnancy .
If a woman's menstrual cycle is moving exactly on schedule, how many days is her cycle? If her cycle is moving exactly on schedule, she will ovulate on what day in the cycle?
In a perfect world, it is a 28 day cycle.
In a perfect world, she ovulates on day 14.
What is an IUD?
An IUD is a t-shaped plastic device placed in a woman's uterus for contraceptive purposes.
In class, Dr. Branch discussed Long Acting Reversible Contraceptives. Specifically, he mentioned 3 types of LARCs -- 2 IUDS and 1 implant. What are these three, what are their brand names, and how long can they be left in place?
1. Hormonal IUD, Mirena, left in for 5 years.
2. Copper IUD, Paragard, left in for 10 years.
3. Progestin Implant, Implanon / Nexplanon, left in for 3 years.
This question is about the Oral Contraceptive Pill.
What are the two basic types of OCP?
What are the two main mechanisms for its function? (We'll discuss the abortifacient debate in the next two questions.)
The two basic types are Combined Oral Contraceptives (COCs) and Progestin Only Pills (POPs).
The undisputed functions are:
1. Suppress ovulation (it's main function)
2. Thicken cervical mucus
Some Christians believe the OCP has an abortifacient effect.
What are the main points of their argument and what one person is most famous for making this case among evangelicals?
The OCP frequently fails to inhibit ovulation.
Since the OCP frequently fails to inhibit ovulation, conception is possible.
If conception does occur, the OCP creates a hostile endometrium preventing embryos from implanting.
Thus, the OCP has an abortifacient effect.
The Physician’s Desk Reference supports this argument for both POPs and COCs.
Why do some Christians reject the idea that the OCP has an abortifacient effect?
This effect has never been “observed.” In fact, such an effect would be difficult if not impossible to observe.
Miscarriages are common so it is hard to prove the OCP causes one.
Some well-credentialed researchers reject the theory.
There is a difference between COCs and POPs regarding a potential abortifacient effect.
Many women have become pregnant and successfully given birth to babies conceived while the mother was using the OCP.
What is the name of the Papal Encyclical which said Roman Catholics should not use the OCP?
What is Artificial Insemination? What is the difference between "A.I.H." and "A.I.D."?
Artificial insemination is when medical technology is used to place sperm inside a woman to assist in conception. In Artificial Insemination, conception takes place within the woman. 5 points
A.I.H. -- Artificial Insemination Husband: the husband provides the sperm for conception.
A.I.D. -- Artificial Insemination Donor: a donor -- voluntary or purchased -- provides sperm for conception. There is no legal relationship between the woman and the sperm donor.
What is In Vitro Fertilization? How is it different from Artificial Insemination?
In Vitro means "in glass." A woman's eggs are harvested and then joined with sperm in a petri dish. Conception takes place in a petri dish. The new human life is then implanted in the woman's uterus. 5 points.
The difference between IVF and AI is that in AI, conception takes place within the woman. In IVF, conception takes place in a petri dish (outside the woman's body). 5 points
In relation to In Vitro Fertilization, what are "spare embryos" and why do the cause a moral dilemma?
In IVF, typically several embryos are created in a petri dish, but not all of them are implanted in the woman. The remaining embryos are kept in cryo-preservation for indefinite periods of time. 5 points
The major moral problem is that each embryo is human life. What should be done with them? Some are allowed to thaw and die, which is destruction of human life and a violation of the sixth commandment. 5 points
What was the first state to enact a "no-fault" divorce law?
Both the Feinbergs and Dr. Branch stress the importance of two Hebrew words in Genesis 2:24 in regards to a correct understanding of the Biblical view of marriage? What are these two words and what do they mean?
Dr. Branch emphasized these words are covenant terms. Why did Dr. Branch argue this?
The word for “leave” is ‘āzab, a very strong word that means more than simple departure. It means to “forsake, leave destitute, or refuse.” The idea is not that a husband and wife no longer can have any relationship with their parents. Rather, they recognize that their relationship to each other must have priority over all other ties.
The word for “cleaving” (ESV “hold fast”) is dābaq and it means “cling to, remain close, adhere, be glued firmly.” The husband will stay with his wife and direct his affection and attention to her. She will do the same to him.
Branch emphasizes these words are both covenant terms. These words are used elsewhere in the Bible where God is making a covenant with Israel or in contexts where Israel has broken the covenant.
There will be an essay question on the final exam in which you give a Biblical definition of marriage. I expect students to know both of these words for that essay.
Among some Baptists, a popular way of interpreting the "exception clause" in Matthew 5:31 - 32 and 19:9 is called the "betrothal view." How do the Feinbergs explain this view?
The betrothal view assumes Matthew was writing to a Jewish audience. In Jewish culture, once a couple was betrothed, the couple was considered married, even though they did not live together or consummate the marriage. If the bride to be had sexual relations with some other man during the betrothal period, her act was considered adultery, and she was to be punished. If she was not stoned to death as the OT required, her fiancé could give her a bill of divorce and end the relationship. According to the betrothal view, the exception clause refers to this point in Jewish law. As such, it did not refer even to all the people in Jesus’ day, let alone ours. Jesus’ general teaching is no divorce. The exception pertains to another culture and another day. Pages 595 – 596
Dr. Branch appreciates those who hold to this view, but believes this is a case of special pleading.
Dr. Branch believes the Bible allows for divorce and subsequent remarriage in two clear cases. What are these cases and what Scripture does he cite? By answering, you are not necessarily agreeing with Branch, but I want you to know the moral stance.
Sexual Immorality – Matthew 5:31 – 32, 19:9
When a believer is abandoned by a nonbeliever – 1 Corinthians 7 :15
Describe the difference between the way the KJV / NASB translate Malachi 2:16 compared to how the ESV / CSV translate the same verse.
Malachi 2:16 NASB (1971): "For I hate divorce," says the LORD, the God of Israel, "and him who covers his garment with wrong," says the LORD of hosts. "So take heed to your spirit, that you do not deal treacherously."
Malachi 2:16 ESV (2001): "For the man who does not love his wife but divorces her, says the LORD, the God of Israel, covers his garment with violence, says the LORD of hosts. So guard yourselves in your spirit, and do not be faithless."
In the NASB, Yahweh / God is the subject, hates is the main verb, and divorce is the object. In the ESV, the man / the husband is the subject, "does not love" (hates) and "divorces" are two verbs, and wife is the supplied object.
Should we go to war? (8 principles of principles for becoming involved)
1. Just Cause?
2. Competent Authority?
3. Comparative Justice?
4. Right intention?
5. Last Resort?
6. Probability of Success?
7. Proportionality of projected results?
8. Right Spirit?
If yes to war, How will we conduct ourselves in war? (5 principles, know them)
1. Limited Objective
2. Proportionality in the use of force
3. Discrimination: Direct attack on noncombatants is wrong
4. Avoidance of Evil Means
5. Good faith
1. Sexual immorality only
1. Gave a more broad interpretation: Granted for many causes.