2nd Year: Part 2 Grammar Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2nd Year: Part 2 Grammar Deck (20):
1

〜ながら

Connects two verbs to say that they happened at the same time.

Follows verb stem

2

〜ばよかったです

I wish I had done or I should have done something

3

〜てくださってありがとう/ 〜てくれてありがとう

To express gratitude for a specific action

4

〜てよかったです

I'm glad that such and such is/was the case.

5

〜はずです

Supposed to be the case. Statement about what you believe is true or likely though you lack conclusive evidence.

Used with short form

6

〜ないで

If you do something without doing something else, the missed action can be described with ない.

7

Nameというitem
Item called name

To talk about a person or a thing that goes by a certain name, but if you believe the person you are talking to is not familiar with it.

8

〜やすい/ 〜にくい

Something is easy-to-do / something is hard-to-do

After verb stem (やすい conjugates like an い adjective)

9

~てしまう1

Indicated that one "carries out with determination"

Involves bringing something to a culmination point

10

~てしまう2

Lack of premeditation or control over how things turn out

Comes with a sense of regret

11

~てある

Characterize a situation that has been brought about on purpose

12

A間にB

B takes place in the middle of another event A

13

Adj+ する

Means "to make"

冷たい = 冷たくする
簡単な = 簡単にする

14

てほしい

When you want somebody to do something

私はpersonにverbてほしい

15

AのにB

"A, but contrary to expectations, B, too"

16

~のような/~のように

のような- a B like/similar to A

NounAのように -to describe an action which is 'done in the same way as A'

17

AてもB

"B, even if A"

買う=買っても
悲しい=悲しくても
元気な=元気でも
学生=学生でも

18

ことにする

Decide to do

Present tense-pos&neg

ことにしている-do something as a regular practice

19

AまでB

B until A

VerbA is always in the present tense and in the affirmative

20

~方

Follows the stem of a verb and means "the way in which the action is performed"

Nouns that are marked with other particles when they go with a verb are marked with の before 方 漢字の読み方

With compound する - 日本語の勉強のし方