3-4 Organic Compounds Flashcards Preview

Science 8th Grade > 3-4 Organic Compounds > Flashcards

Flashcards in 3-4 Organic Compounds Deck (14):
1

covalent compounds composed of carbon-based molecules

organic compounds

2

they are used to show how atoms in a molecule are connected

structural formulas

3

an organic compound composed only of carbon and hydrogen

hydrocarbons

4

a hydrocarbon in which each carbon atom in the molecule shares a single bond with each of the four other atoms

a saturated hydrocarbon or alkane

5

a hydrocarbon which at least one pair of carbon atoms shares a double bond or a triple bond

unsaturated hydrocarbon

6

compounds that contain two carbon atoms connected by a double bond called

alkenes

7

hrdocarbons that contain two carbon atoms connected by a triple bond called

alkynes

8

organic compounds that are made by living things

biochemicals

9

a class of energy-giving nutrients that includes sugars, starches, and fiber; composed of one or more simple sugars bonded together

carbohydrate

10

gives plant cell walls their rigid structure

cellulose

11

supplies energy to muscle cells

glycogen

12

a type of biochemical that does not dissolve in water; fats and steroids are lipids

lipid

13

a molecule that is made up of amino acids and that is needed to build and repair body structures and to regulate processes in the body

protein

14

"building blocks"

amino acids