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Flashcards in 3 Deck (100)
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1

ziggurat

A mud-brick stepped pyramid in Mesopotamian sacred architecture.

2

base

The lowest part of a structure.

3

biological clock

The inherent system in people that causes regular cycles of function or behavior, such as periods of working, sleeping, and eating.

4

rhythm

The recurrence of design elements in space.

5

prefabricated

Constructed off-site in standardized sections for shipment and quick assembly, such as a prefabricated house.

6

gothic

The Medieval architecture of Western Europe from the 12th to the 16th century; characterized by pointed arches, ribbed vaults, and daring structural forms.

7

brutalism

An early 1950's style based on Le Corbusier's crudely fabricated concrete work in which structural and mechanical elements were often featured.

8

anthropomorphic

Ascribing human form or attributes to a being or thing not human.

9

obelisk

A commemorative shaft, square in section, with a small pyramid on top.

10

guaranteed maximum cost

An amount established in an agreement between an owner and a contractor as the maximum cost of performing specified work.

11

land coverage

The ratio of the area covered by buildings to the total lot area, expressed as a percentage.

12

cluster

A type of residential siting in which a series of housing units are grouped closely together and surrounded by open space.

13

amphitheater

An arena encircled by tiers of seats.

14

sheet pattern

The shape of an extensive urban area which lacks specific focal points, well-defined routes, or articulated form.

15

arcade

A group of arches on columns or pillars, which are either freestanding or attached to a wall.

16

flood plain

The land surrounding a flowing stream over which water spreads when a flood occurs.

17

trabeated

Construction employing the post-and-beam form, as opposed to the arch form.

18

synthesis

The combining of separate elements into an entity, as opposed to analysis.

19

convection

The heat transfer process which occurs when a warm fluid rises, displacing cold fluid which then falls.

20

zone

An area established by a governing body for a specific use, such as residential, commercial, or industrial.

21

collector street

A street to which minor streets connect and which leads to a major arterial.

22

annexation

The acquisition of territory by a municipality.

23

degree day (dd)

The amount by which the average outdoor temperature at a particular location is below 65 degrees Farenheit for one day. Degree days may also be summed and stated for a month or year.

24

deed restriction

A clause in a deed which places limitations or conditions on the use of property.

25

sale and leaseback

A form of leasehold in which the owner of a piece of property recovers the capital invested in the property, but retains the use of the property.

26

two-family house

A house containing two separate dwelling units, either side-by-side or one above the other.

27

cut and fill

Earth which is removed (cut) or earth which is added (fill) in grading.

28

aesthetics

The study of the quality, aspects, and perception of beauty.

29

housing

The type, arrangement, and quality of dwelling units in a given area.

30

megalith

A stone of great size, especially in ancient construction.