What is a UTI?
Microorganisms in the urinary tract which are causing INFECTIOUS SYMPTOMS
What is a lower UTI?
Confined to the bladder (cystitis)
What is an upper UTI?
Infection involving the ureters AND/OR kidneys
Urine is normally ___.
What is a complicated UTI?
Symptoms of UTI (e.g dysuria, urgency, increased frequency) with any of:
SYSTEMIC SYMPTOMS (fever, rigors, N&V...)
Does bacteruria mean infection?
Not without symptoms
What is a common site for colonisers of the urinary tract?
(Men / women) are more likely to develop UTIs.
shorter, wider urethras
People with ___ are more likely to get UTIs.
What are the two routes of infection in UTI?
What is the most common organism causing UTIs?
Why is E. coli well adapted to causing UTIs?
Common bowel commensal
Have fimbriae (sticky appendages which let them climb all over the place)
Which investigations are used to
a) rule out
b) properly diagnose
b) Urine culture
What is the best investigation for UTI?
What are coliforms?
Gram negative bacilli
most commonly E. coli
E. coli is also called a ___ fermenter.
along with Klebsiella, Enterobacter
What organisms commonly cause UTIs?
What does E coli produce to cause sepsis?
What renal disease is Proteus associated with?
particularly struvite stones
Which UTI organism is associated with renal stones?
Which type of renal stone is commonly seen in Proteus infection?
Is Pseudomonas a coliform?
but it is a Gram -ve bacillus
What is Pseudomonas UTI associated with?
How is Pseudomonas UTI treated?
How does ciprofloxacin work?
Affects bacterial DNA
What are the 4Cs?
What's the difference between Enterobacter and Enterococcus?
Enterobacter is a Gram -ve bacillus
Enterococcus are Gram +ve
What is a Gram positive coccus which causes UTI?
What is a type of Staphylococcus associated with UTIs in women of child bearing age?
What are the symptoms of UTI?
Haematuria (not always)