3.1: Descriptive adjectives Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 3.1: Descriptive adjectives Deck (52):
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In Spanish, descriptive adjectives are used with the verb _______ to point out characteristics such as nationality, size, color, shape, personality, and appearance.

ser

1

In Spanish, the forms of descriptive adjectives agree in _______ and/or _______ with nouns or pronouns they describe.

gender; number

2

For adjectives that end in -o, the feminine is formed by ending the -o to ___. The plural is formed by adding ___ to the singular forms.

-a; -s

3

Adjectives that end in ___ or a consonant have the same masculine and feminine forms.

-e

4

Adjectives that end in -or are variable in both _______ and _______.

gender; number

el hombre trajabador : los hombres trajabadores
la mujer trajabadora : las mujeres trajabadoras

5

alto/a

tall

6

antipático/a

unpleasant

7

bajo/a

short (in height)

8

bonito/a

pretty

9

bueno/a

good

10

delgado/a

thin; slender

11

difícil

hard; difficult

12

fácil

easy

13

feo/a

ugly

14

gordo/a

fat

15

grande

big; large

16

guapo/a

handsome; good-looking

17

importante

important

18

inteligente

intelligent

19

interesante

interesting

20

joven

young

21

malo/a

bad

22

mismo/a

same

23

moreno/a

brunet(te)

24

mucho/a

much; many; a lot of

25

pelirrojo/a

red-haired

26

pequeño/a

small

27

rubio/a

blond(e)

28

simpático/a

nice; likeable

29

tonto/a

silly; foolish

30

trabajador(a)

hard-working

31

viejo/a

old

32

Spanish adjectives of nationality are not capitalized. Proper names of countries are _________.

capitalized

33

aléman, alemana

German

34

argentino/a

Argentine

35

canadiense

Canadian

36

costarricense

Costa Rican

37

cubano/a

Cuban

38

ecuatoriano/a

Ecuadorian

39

español(a)

Spanish

40

estadounidense

from the U.S.

41

francés, francesa

French

42

inglés, inglesa

English

43

japonés, japonesa

Japanese

44

mexicano/a

Mexican

45

norteamericano/a

(North) American

46

puertorriqueño

Puerto Rican

47

ruso/a

Russian

48

_______ adjectives and adjectives of nationality generally follow the nouns they modify.

Descriptive

49

Adjectives of quantity _______ the modified noun.

precede

50

_______ and _______ (adjectives) can be placed before or after a noun. When placed before a masculine singular noun, their forms are shortened in what way?

Bueno/a; malo/a

bueno : buen
malo : mal

51

When _______ appears before a singular noun, it is shortened to _______, and the meaning of the word changes--but in what way?

grande; gran

grande: big, large
gran: great