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Flashcards in 313 Exam Deck (33)
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1

How long do you need to keep patient records for?

11 years

2

What information needs to be given for a patient to consent?

Sufficient

3

How many days do you need to acknowledge a complaint and how many days until you have to respond?

2 days to acknowledge

10 days to respond

4

Where is the complaints procedure found?

In the patient/practice leaflet

5

What probes would you use in a dental exam?

BPE
WHO
Brialt (for interproximal caries)

6

What is used for a vitality test?

Cold- ethyl chloride
Hot- GP points

Electric test can also be used but is uncommon as it is expensive

7

How many roots do 7's have?

3

8

What are the salivary glands called?

Sublingual gland - under tongue
Submandibular gland - back of mandible
Paratid gland - by the ear near the ramus (TMJ)

9

What are the muscles used for mastication?

Temporalis- closes the jaw and pulls it backwards
Masseter- closes the jaw
Tperyjoid- closes the jaw
Lateral tperyjoid- moves side to side

10

Name the 3 lower nerves and what they numb

Inferior dental nerve - IV block, blocks sensation to all lower teeth
Long buccal nerve - buccal side of lower teeth
Lingual nerve - lingual side of lower teeth and half of tongue

11

Name the upper nerves

Superior dental nerve
Anterior - 1,2,3
Middle - 4,5 (buccal)
Posterior - 4,5,6,7,8

Maso - 1,2,3
Greater - 4,5,6,7,8 (palatal)

12

How is the mouth affected by old age?

Teeth become darker
Gums recede
Soft tissues become thinner and more elastic

13

What condition can be caused by pregnancy?

gingivitis

14

What causes erosion?

Acid
Can be from fizzy drinks or from conditions such as anemia which increase throwing up.

15

What is Atrision?

The wearing down of teeth from clenching or grinding

16

What may cause abrasion of the teeth?

Brushing too hard

17

What does oral cancer look like?

A lump with a hard rolled edge

18

What is glossitis?

The inflammation of the tongue

19

What is the technical term for dry mouth?

Terostomia

20

What does an antibiotic do and what would the dentist prescribe if the patient is allergic to penicillin?

It kills bacteria

Erythromycin

21

Why would the dentist use a sedative?

To calm the patient down or make them feel drowsy

22

Where does gaseous exchange take place?

Alveolus (in the lungs)

23

Which artery carries blood to the head and neck?

Carotid artery

24

What is the first thing you should do if a patient faints?

Lie them down and elevate their feet

Check for breathing

25

How can you tell if someone is having an asthma attack and what should you give them?

They will wheeze

Give them a salbutamol inhaler

26

What should you do if someone is having an angina attack?

Put GTN spray under their tongue

27

What is the ratio for CPR

30:2

28

What is the pulse rate for someone having a cardio arrest?

None (their heart has stopped)

29

What temperature should the water be when mixing alginate?

Room temperature

30

Which legislation gives patients the right to see their records

Access to health records act