IS3445 CHAP 1 FROM MAINFRAME TO CLIENT/SERVER TO WORLD WIDE WEB Flashcards Preview

IS3445 SEC WEB APPS > IS3445 CHAP 1 FROM MAINFRAME TO CLIENT/SERVER TO WORLD WIDE WEB > Flashcards

Flashcards in IS3445 CHAP 1 FROM MAINFRAME TO CLIENT/SERVER TO WORLD WIDE WEB Deck (48)
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1
Q

The early search tool of Gopher is called ___?

A

ARCHIE

2
Q

The first computer network based on the packet-switching principle is called ___?

A

ARPANET

3
Q

A centralized system through which users can exchange messages is called ___?

A

BULLETIN BOARD SYSTEM (BBS)

4
Q

Software used to maintain personal or group schedules is called ___?

A

CALENDARING SOFTWARE

5
Q

___ is offloaded from the client onto a centralized computer. Cloud computing is an example.

A

CENTRALIZED PROCESSING

6
Q

___ is an application whose processing is divided across multiple computers over a network. Typically, the divisions, or tiers, are presentation, business logic, and data store layers.

A

DISTRIBUTED APPLICATION

7
Q

___ is the buying and selling of goods and services over electronic systems such as the Internet.

A

E-COMMERCE

8
Q

___ is Google’s proprietary Web-based office application software that offers word processing, spreadsheets, and presentations.

A

GOOGLE DOCS

9
Q

___ is an early computer network that featured searches through a file tree.

A

GOPHER

10
Q

___ is an interface based on graphical elements as opposed to text only.

A

GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE (GUI)

11
Q

___ is a system of tools that facilitates group collaboration. It may include calendar software and instant messaging applications.

A

GROUPWARE

12
Q

___ is text as non-sequential links to other text or documents.

A

HYPERTEXT

13
Q

___ is a set of tags, or rules, primarily used to specify formatting of Web documents.

A

HYPERTEXT MARKUP LANGUAGE (HTML)

14
Q

___ is a transfer protocol for exchanging hypertext documents over the Internet or an intranet.

A

HYPERTEXT TRASFER PROTOCOL (HTTP)

15
Q

___ is delivery of infrastructure on demand, usually billed per amount of resources consumed.

A

INFRASTRUCTRUE AS A SERVICE (IaaS)

16
Q

___ is a unique numeric value assigned to a device in a network.

A

IP ADDRESS

17
Q

___ is an early form of synchronous online conferencing.

A

INTERNET RELAY CHAT (IRC)

18
Q

___ is a high-performance computer usually used by large businesses requiring large-scale processing and availability.

A

MAINFRAME

19
Q

___ is a computer of medium size with less processing capability that a mainframe, but more than a PC.

A

MINICOMPUTER

20
Q

___ is a method for moving data over a network. Data is split into chunks/packets and each packet contains destination details.

A

PACKET SWITCHING

21
Q

___ is the delivery of a computing platform as a service.

A

PLATFORM AS A SERVICE (PaaS)

22
Q

___ is a single point of access to a collection of resources.

A

PORTAL

23
Q

.

A

PROTOCOL

24
Q

___ is a family of standardized Web feeds used to publish changes in recently updated work, such as news.

A

REALLY SIMPLE SYNDICATION (RSS)

25
Q

___ is a framework for conceptual modeling.

A

RESOURCE DESCRITPTION FRAMEWORK (RDF)

26
Q

___ is a protocol used for email exchange.

A

SIMPLE MAIL TRANSFER PROTOCOL(SMTP)

27
Q

___ is a model of software deployment or service where customers use applications on demand.

A

SOFTWARE AS A SERVICE (SaaS)

28
Q

___ is a protocol for synchronous access to a remote machine.

A

TELNET

29
Q

___ is a protocol for packet switching used on the Internet.

A

TRANSMISSION CONTROL PROTOCOL/INTERNTET PROTOCOL (TCP/IP)

30
Q

___ Is a protocol that emerged prior to high-speed Internet connections, which permitted the exchange of email and Usenet news over dial-up link speeds.

A

UNIX-TO-UNIX COPY PROTOCOL (UUCP)

31
Q

___ the first Internet discussion service, started around 1980.

A

USENET

32
Q

___ is a search tool used across the Gopher network.

A

VERONICA (Very Easy Rodent-Oriented Net-Wide index of Computerized Archives)

33
Q

___ The creation of virtual version of actual services, applications, or resources.

A

VIRTUALIZATION

34
Q

___ is the infancy stage of the Web, before 2003, based on presentation of information towards the users. AKA Static Web.

A

WEB 1.0

35
Q

___ was Web advancements from 2003-2010 where social networking activities and tools greatly improved. AKA Social Web.

A

WEB 2.0

36
Q

___ is the stage of the Web expected now until 2020. The focus will shift from documents and their relationships to data and its meaning, with services that are personally relevant to the user. AKA Semantic Web.

A

WEB 3.0

37
Q

___ A collection of languages used for describing ontologies.

A

WEB ONTOLOGY LANGUAGE (OWL)

38
Q
  1. Service packs are typically installed before a backup is performed.
    TRUE OR FALSE
A

FALSE

39
Q
  1. You are the network administrator for a large company. You are concerned that sensitive data may be intercepted and read when traveling across the network. Which protocol should you use to secure IP communications?
  2. HTTPS
  3. SFTP
  4. IPSec
  5. SDNS
A

IPSec

40
Q
  1. Which of the following best describe data? (Select two)
  2. Applicable information
  3. Facts and figures
  4. Collection of recordings
  5. Processed information
A

Facts and figures

Collection of recordings

41
Q
  1. You are the network administrator for a large company. Several clients need to access a secure area of your site. Which protocol might you use?
  2. HTTPS
  3. SFTP
  4. IPSec
  5. SDNS
A

HTTPS

42
Q
  1. You have just installed a new operating system on your company server. What should you do first?
  2. Apply a patch
  3. Apply the latest service pack
  4. Visit the manufacturer’s web site
  5. Take a baseline
A

Visit the manufacturer’s web site

43
Q
  1. You are the network administrator for a large company. You know that sensitive data may be intercepted and read when traveling across the network. which IPSec protocol should you use to encrypt IP communications?
  2. AH
  3. SFTP
  4. ESP
  5. HTTP
A

ESP

44
Q
  1. TCP/IP is inherently secure within the local network but not on the Internet.
    TRUE OR FALSE
A

FALSE

45
Q
  1. You have just installed a software patch without reviewing its intended purpose or understanding its potential effect. This is an example of _____.
A

Blind patching

46
Q
  1. _____ is the distribution of specific applications and services from dedicated Internet-based virtual servers.
A

Cloud computing

47
Q
  1. You have just installed a client/server network. which is NOT an advantage of the client/server model?
  2. Scalability
  3. Eliminates a single point of failure
  4. Centralized management
  5. Centralized storage
A

Eliminates a single point of failure

48
Q
  1. The WWW is technically the same as the Internet.

TRUE OR FALSE

A

FALSE